FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Abstracts, online materials

Pages:     | 1 ||

«European Scientific Journal November edition vol. 8, No.27 ISSN: 1857 – 7881 (Print) e - ISSN 1857- 7431 EMPLOYMENT OF COLAIZZI'S STRATEGY IN ...»

-- [ Page 2 ] --

Step seven This step aimed to validate study findings using "member checking" technique. It was undertaken through returning the research findings to the participants and discussing the results with them. Participants' views on the study results were obtained directly via phone calls. This step was done by the main researcher as she took the approval from the participants in advance during the first interviewing. Eventually, all participants showed their satisfaction toward these results which entirely reflect their feelings and experiences.

Demonstrating Trustworthiness of the Study Findings:

Essentially, the qualitative research has to demonstrate trustworthiness in providing rigor and strength to the study validity and reliability in all stages including data collection, data analysis and descriptions (Speziale & Carpenter, 2007; Vivar, McQueen, Whyte, & Armayor, 2007). Trustworthiness approaches; credibility, dependability, confirmability, and transferability were undertaken throughout the study process.

A number of strategies were employed to add rigor to the study such as "member checking" which was achieved by getting agreement from the participants on the emerged results (Creswell, 2003; Creswell 2009; Marshall & Rossman 2006; Speziale & Carpenter, 2007). In addition, the researcher reflected her own presuppositions about the perceptions of altered body image and coping strategies using bracketing. As explained earlier, bracketing eradicates any bias inherent in researcher believes and attitudes (Creswell 2009; Marshall & European Scientific Journal November edition vol. 8, No.27 ISSN: 1857 – 7881 (Print) e - ISSN 1857- 7431 Rossman 2006). Peer review of the emerging ideas through discussions with the study supervisor and the independent researcher was also done. Regarding the process of translation, all transcripts were double checked by a bilingual translator who is competent in both Arabic and English. According to Creswell (2009), using of an external auditor who reviewed the whole process of the study and performed an additional checking for coding process and analysis was also applied. Finally, cross checking of the whole analysis process was done by the research supervisor.

Conclusion This paper described the process of descriptive phenomenology which was used in this study to explore the perceptions of body image changes in Jordanian adolescents undergoing chemotherapy and the coping strategies used to accommodate with these changes. Colaizzi's process of phenomenological data analysis showed an active strategy to achieve the description of living experience for those people. It includes understanding the data and identifying significant statements which in turn were converted into formulated meanings.

Thereafter, groups of theme clusters were developed to establish the final thematic construct.

Trustworthiness of the study findings was undertaken using different approaches and strategies to achieve each approach affectively. The accurate application of Colaizzi's process of descriptive phenomenology would provide and exhaustive description to the body of knowledge about human experience and therefore would be an effective strategy to establish the basis for future research.

References :

Ahern, K. (1999). Ten tips for reflexive bracketing. Qualitative Health Research, 9(3), 407Creswell, J. (2003). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches, (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Creswell, J. (2009). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches, (3rd ed.). Los Angeles: SAGE Publication Ltd.

Fochtman, D. (2008). Phenomenology in pediatric cancer nursing research. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 25(4), 185-192.

Gearing, R. (2004). Bracketing in research: A typology. Qualitative Health Research, 14(10), 1429-1452.

Laverty, S. (2003). Hermeneutic phenomenology and phenomenology: A comparison of European Scientific Journal November edition vol. 8, No.27 ISSN: 1857 – 7881 (Print) e - ISSN 1857- 7431 historical and methodological considerations. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 2(3), 1-29.

Lopez, K., and Willis, D. (2004). Descriptive versus interpretive phenomenology: Their contribution to nursing knowledge. Quality Health Research, 14, 726-735.

Marshall, C. and Rossman, G. B. (2006). Designing Qualitative Research, (4th ed.). London:

Sage Publications, Inc.

Mason, J. (2002). Qualitative Researching, (2nd ed.). London: SAGE Publication Ltd.

Polifroni, C., & Welch, M. (1999). Perspectives on Philosophy of Science in Nursing: An Historical and Contemporary Anthology. Philadelphia. New York. Baltimore. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.

Polit, D. F., and Beck, C. T. (2008). Nursing Research: Generating and Assessing Evidence for Nursing Practice. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.

Sanders, C. (2003). Application of Colaizzi's method: Interpretation of an auditable decision trail by a novice researcher. Contemporary Nurse Journal, 14(3), 292- 302.

Speziale, H.J. and Carpenter, D.R. (2007). Qualitative Research in Nursing: Advancing the Humanistic Imperative, (4th ed.). Philadelphia. Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins.

Van Manen, M. (1990). Researching Lived Experience: Human Science for an Action Sensitive Pedagogy. Ontario, Canada: The Althouse Press.

Vivar, C., McQueen, A., Whyte, D., and Armayor, N. (2007). Getting started with qualitative research: Developing a research proposal. Nurse Researcher, 14(3), 60-73.

Wojnar, D. and Swanson, K. (2007). Phenomenology: An exploration. Journal of Holistic

Pages:     | 1 ||

Similar works:

«A Mathematical Model of Divine Infinity Prof. Eric Steinhart, Department of Philosophy, William Paterson University, Wayne NJ 07470. Email: esteinhart1@nyc.rr.com, steinharte@wpunj.edu. Published in 2009 in Theology and Science 7 (3), 261 – 274. ABSTRACT: Mathematics is obviously important in the sciences. And so it is likely to be equally important in any effort that aims to understand God in a scientifically significant way or that aims to clarify the relations between science and theology....»

«MAN OR MATTER Introduction to a Spiritual Understanding of Nature on the Basis of Goethe's Method of Training Observation and Thought by ERNST LEHRS Ph. D. Contents PREFACE Part I SCIENCE AT THE THRESHOLD I. INTRODUCTORY The author's search for a way of extending the boundaries of scientific understanding. A meeting with Rudolf Steiner, and with the work arising from his teachings. II. WHERE DO WE STAND TO-DAY? The self-restriction of scientific inquiry to one-eyed colourblind observation. Its...»

«XV INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT The Industrial Engineering and the Sustainable Development: Integrating Technology and Management. Salvador, BA, Brazil, 06 to 09 October 2009 TOWARDS A MODEL OF “PROCESSORIENTED” CORE COMPETENCE MANAGEMENT Fábio Walter (UFPB) fwalter.br@gmail.com Uwe Götze (TU Chemnitz) u.goetze@wirtschaft.tu-chemnitz.de The objective of this article is to outline a model of core competence management that is closely related...»

«ABSTRACT Title of Dissertation: SPATIAL PROCESSING, POWER CONTROL, AND CHANNEL ALLOCATION FOR OFDM WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS Masoud Olfat, Doctor of Philosophy, 2003 Dissertation directed by: Professor K. J. Ray Liu Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering OFDM is mainly designed to combat the effect of multipath reception, by dividing the wide-band frequency selective fading channel into many narrow-band flat subchannels. OFDM offers flexibility in adaptation to time-varying channel...»

«SBORNlK PRAC1 F I L O Z O F I C K E F A K U L T Y B R N E N S K E UNIVERZITY STUDIA MINORA F A C U L T A T I S PHILOSOPHICAE UNIVERSITATIS BRUNENSIS D 38, 1991 ROBERT PORTER JEVGENIJ POPOV AND THE STAGNATION OF SOVIET L I T E R A T U R E The two key words of Michail Gorbachev's rule have, of course, been •perestrojka (restructuring) and glasnost (openness). These terms have co­ me to stand in clear opposition to the zastoj (stagnation) which the Breznev years have now been widely described...»

«Perceived Experiences of Persons with Visual Impairment who have transitioned from School into Work A Case Study of Five Persons with Visual Impairment that have Remunerable Employment Fred Nsumikambi MUGABI Master’s Thesis Master of Philosophy in Special Needs Education Department of Special Needs Education Faculty of Educational Sciences UNIVERSITY OF OSLO Spring 2012 II Perceived experiences of Persons with Visual Impairment who have transitioned from School into Work A Case Study of five...»

<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2017 www.abstract.dislib.info - Abstracts, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.