«Work, care and life among low-paid migrant workers in London: towards a migrant ethic of care November 2006 Kavita Datta, Cathy McIlwaine, Yara ...»
Hochschild, A. (2003) The Commercialisation of Intimate Life: Notes from Home and Work, University of California Press, Berkley, Los Angles and London.
Hondagneu-Sotelo, P. (2000) The international division of caring and cleaning. work:
transnational connections or apartheid exclusions? In M. H. Meyer (ed), Care work: Gender, Labor and the Welfare State, Routledge, New York.
Hondagneu-Sotelo, P. (2001) Doméstica: Immigrant workers cleaning and caring in the shadows of affluence, University of California Press: Berkeley, CA.
Houston, D. (Ed) (2005) Work-Life Balance in the 21st Century. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke.
Jarvis, H. (1999) The tangled webs we weave: household strategies to co-ordinate home and work, Work, Employment and Society, 13:2, 225-247.
Katz, C. (2001) Vagabond capitalism and the necessity of social reproduction, Antipode, 33, 709Kofman, E. (2004) Gendered global migrations: diversity and stratification, International Feminist Journal of Politics, 6:4, 643-668.
Kofman, E. (2006) Gendered migration, social reproduction and welfare regimes: new dialogues and directions. Paper presented at the ESRC seminar on Working Lives in Post Industrial Europe.
Kofman, E. and England, K. (1997) Citizenship and international migration: taking account of gender, sexuality, and "race", Environment and Planning A, 29: 2, 191-194.
Kofman, E. and Raghuram, P. (2006) Gender and global labour migrations: incorporating skilled workers,” Antipode, 38: 2, 282-303.
Lister, R. (2002) The dilemmas of pendulum politics: balancing paid work, care and citizenship, Economy and Society, 31:4, 520-532.
Mahler S J, and Pessar P R (2006) Gender matters: ethnographers bring gender from the periphery toward the core of migration studies, International Migration Review XL:1, 27-63 McDowell, L. (2004) Work, workfare, work/life balance and an ethic of care, Progress in Human Geography, 28: 2, 145-163.
McDowell, L. (2005) Love, money and gender divisions of labour: some critical reflections on welfare-to-work policies in the UK, Journal of Economic Geography, 5, 365-379.
McDowell, L.; Perrons, D.; Fagan, C.; Ray, K. and Ward, K. (2005a) The contradictions and intersections of class and gender in a global city: placing working women’s lives on the research agenda, Environment and Planning A, 37, 441-461.
McDowell, L.; Ray, K.; Perrons, D.; Fagan, C. and Ward, K. (2005b) Women’s paid work and moral economies of care, Social and Cultural Geography, 6:2, 218-235.
Mattingly, D. (2001) The home and the world: Domestic service and international networks of caring labour, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 91:2, 370-386.
McKie, L., Bowlby, S. and Gregory, S. (2001) Gender, caring and employment in Britian, Journal of Social Policy, 30:2, 233-258.
Mitchell, K., Marston, S.A. and Katz, C. (Eds) (2004) Life's work: geographies of social reproduction. Blackwell, Oxford.
Momsen, J.H. (1999) (ed) Gender, Migration and Domestic Service, Routledge, London.
Parr, H. (2003) Medical Geography: Care and Caring, Progress in Human Geography, 27 (2): 212Nakano Glenn, E. 91992) From servitude to service work: historical continuities in the racial division of labor, Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 18, 1-43.
Parreñas, R. (2001) Servants of Globalization: Women, Migration and Domestic Work, Stanford University Press, Stanford.
Parreñas, R. (2002) ‘The care crisis in the Philippines: Children and transnational families in the
new global economy,’ in B. Ehrenreich and A.R. Hochschild (Eds) (2002) Global Woman:
Nannies, maids and sex workers in the new economy, Granta Books, London, 39-54.
Parreñas, R. (2005) Long distance intimacy: class, gender and intergenerational relations between mothers and children in Filipino transnational families, Global Networks: 4: 317-336.
Pessar P R, and Mahler S J, (2003) Transnational migration: bringing gender in, International Migration Review 37:3, 812-846.
Popke, J. (2006) Geography and ethics: everyday mediations through care and consumption, Progress in Human Geography, 30:4, 504-512.
Pribilsky, J. (2004) ‘Aprendemos a convivir’: conjugal relations, co-parenting and family life among Ecuadorian transnational migrants in New York City and the Ecuadorian Andes, Global Networks, 4 (3): 313-334.
Robson, E. (2004) Hidden child workers: young carers in Zimbabwe, Antipode, 36 (2): 227-248.
Romero, M. (1992) Maid in the USA, Routledge, New York.
Schmalzbauer, L. (2004) Searching for wages and mothering from afar: the case of Honduran transnational families, Journal of Marriage and the Family, 66, 1317-1331.
Stahaeli, L.A. and Brown, M. (2003) Where has welfare gone? Introductory remarks on the geographies of care and welfare, Environment and Planning A, 35, 771-777.
Stark, A. (2005) Warm hands in cold age: on the need of a new world order of care, Feminist Economics, 11:2, 7-36.
Steill B. and England K. (1999) Jamaican domestics, Filipina housekeepers and English nannies”, in J. H. Momsen (ed) Gender, Migration and Domestic Service, Routledge, London, 43-61.
Taylor, R. (2002) The Future of Work-Life Balance, ESRC Future of Work Programme Seminar Series, ESRC Publications.
Tronto, J. (1993) Moral Boundaries: A Political Argument for an Ethic of Care. London:
Ungerson, C. and Yeandle, S. (2005) Care workers and work-life balance: the example of domiciliary careworkers in D. Houston (Ed) Work-Life Balance in the 21st Century. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke. Pp. 246-262.
Wall, K. and José, J.S. (2004) Managing work and care: a difficult challenge for immigrant families, Social Policy and Administration, 38: 6, 591-621.
Wills, J. (2003) On the frontline of care: a research report to explore home-care employment and service provision in Tower Hamlets. Research report for UNISON.
Windebank, J. (1999) Political motherhood and the everyday experience of mothering: a comparison of childcare strategies of French and British working mothers, Journal of Social Policy, 28:1, 1-25.
Yeates, N. (2004) Global care chains: Critical reflections and lines of enquiry, International Feminist Journal of Politics, 6: 3, 369-391.
Yeates, N. (2005) A global political economy of care, Social Policy and Society, 4:2, 227-234.
Yeoh, B., and Huang, S. (2000) ‘Home’ and ‘Away’: Foreign Domestic Workers and Negotiations of Diasporic Identity, Women’s Studies International Forum, 23:4, 413-429.
Yeoh, B, Huang, S. and Lam, T. (2005) Trasnationalizing the ‘Asian’ family: imaginaries, intimacies and strategic intents, Global Networks, 4, 307-315.
Zontini, E. (2004) immigrant women in Barcelona: coping with the consequences of transnational lives, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 30: 6, 1113-1144.
Research notes that while men may be care providers, there is a distinct gendering of care work. It is also important to acknowledge that a significant number of children are also care-providers in both the Global North and South (Cockburn, 2005; Robson, 2004).
This further highlights the conceptual blurring between reproductive and productive work (Mitchell et al., 2004) Although it is important to acknowledge here that the public provision of care for children under the age of five is extremely limited in the UK and effectively puts migrant women in the same position as native women. That said, our research has illustrated that migrant uptake of benefits such as child tax credit, child benefit, working tax credit is very low partly due to lack of entitlement but also because of a strong work ethic among migrants. Eligibility for state benefits in Britain is determined by a complex set of factors the most important of which, in the current context at least, is whether a person is considered ‘ordinarily resident’ in Britain. The conditions of ‘ordinary residency’ are not set by statute and tend to be established on a case by case basis according to case law. Importantly, however, key groups are excluded from residency and thus claiming benefits: most notably, low-skilled workers entering Britain on a short-term work permit or through one of a range of sector based quota schemes. Workers moving to Britain from the A8 Accession Countries can only claim benefits once registered on the Workers Registration Scheme (and resident in Britain on a continual basis) for at least 12 months (see also Allamby, 2005).
The questionnaire survey was designed and directed by our team at Queen Mary, University of London. It was carried out by a team of 11 researchers who were recruited and managed by London Citizens. The research was funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), the Greater London Authority (GLA), Oxfam, Queen Mary, University of London and UNISON. The researchers were also given training in organising techniques with London Citizens as part of their Summer Academy. This research has been used to support the living wage campaign in London (for more information, see Evans et al., 2005; Wills, 2004).
At the time of the research, the London living wage was calculated to be £6.70 with the take up of inwork benefits (see GLA, 2005).
An NVQ is a National Vocational Qualification that is usually done through part-time study while people work. They extend from Levels 1 to 5 with Level 3 equivalent to an A level.
This guide has been produced by the Publications and Web Office for the Department of Geography
For further information contact:
Department of Geography Queen Mary, University of London Mile End Road London E1 4NS Tel: 020 7882 5400 Fax: 020 8981 6276 email: email@example.com