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«Fostering Human Rights among European Policies Large-Scale FP7 Collaborative Project GA No. 320000 1 May 2013-30 April 2017 Report on the EU’s ...»

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2. The influence of the EU thematic approach to Peru The difference between the thematic approach with classic bilateral cooperation and political dialogues was explained in previous sections. Thus, taking into consideration numbers as a means to measure the impact of EU human rights projects in Peru, the EIDHR is the best proof of the significant and increasing numbers of actions promoted in Peru by the EU. According to the information provided by the EU Delegation in Lima for the period 2007-2013, the EU funded human rights projects in Peru, through civil society organisations, with 14,333,702.23 EUR.171

a) Recipient institutions and projects It is worth noting that in order to select civil organisation proposals, the decision-making procedure is done either by the EU in Brussels (EUROPEAID) or by the EU Delegation in Lima. If it concerns a national call for proposals, it is the EU Delegation in Lima which is in charge of decision-making and monitoring of the implementation process. In case of an international call for proposals, it is the EU in Brussels which is in charge of decision-making and monitoring of the implementation process.

Below is the list of institutions which received EIDHR funds for development of two or three human

rights projects:

Table 4: Recipients of EIDHR funds for multiple projects

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European Union, ‘Cooperación Temática de la Unión Europea en el Perú’, 2010, www.bvcooperacion.pe/biblioteca/bitstream/123456789/6355/1/BVCI0006202.pdf, pp 34-37.

CAPS is a non-profit organization whose aim is to promote mental health in order to contribute to the psychosocial recuperation of victims from political and social violence. For more information see www.caps.org.pe/portal.

In November 2009 CAPS received EUR 1,052,648,00 for the project ‘Strengthening Public Prosecutors Proceedings’ in Peru and Ecuador’. In September 2013 CAPS received EUR 1,500,000.00 for the project ‘Strengthening torture prevention strategies and rehabilitation of victims in Peru and Ecuador’.

IDL is a Peruvian non-profit organization working on the promotion of human rights and good governance.

For more information see www.idl.org.pe.

In January 2009 IDL received EUR 250,000.00 for the project ‘Vulnerable Military Personnel, Monitoring and Incidence from Civil Society’. In October 2010 IDL received EUR 712,419,00 for the project ‘Strengthening the Andean Peace Justice and Community Network’.

Diakona is a faith based Swedish development organization; Diakona’s goal is to change unfair political, economic, social and cultural structures that generate poverty, oppression and violence. For more information see www.diakonia.se/en.

In September 2010 Diakona received EUR 300,000.00 for the project ‘Contributions to conflict management for land and territory in the Peruvian Amazon: For the effectiveness of Indigenous people’s fundamental rights, the protection of the Amazon and Peruvian State-Building’. In June 2012 Diakona received EUR 300,000.00 for the project ‘Promotion of memory process, access to justice and peaceful conflicts resolutions in areas affected by the internal armed conflict and environmental conflicts’. In February 2014 DIAKONA received EUR 265,072.00 for the project: ‘Women for democracy and political participation: Building a political agenda for Gender equality in Amazons, Ayacucho, Cusco, Huancavelica, Junín and San Martín’.

FRAME Deliverable No. 5.6

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Below is the list of institutions which received the EIDHR funds for a single human rights project:

Table 5: Recipients of EIDHR funds for a single project

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Terra Nuova is an Italian NGO; it promotes the full participation of social sectors most at risk, it also promotes projects focused on self-sufficient local development. For more information see www.terranuova.org.

In November 2010 Terra Nuova received EUR 275,260.00 for the project ‘Identity and Citizenship: Exercising Rights in the Sierra and Peruvian Jungle’. In September 2012 Terra Nuova received EUR 285,660.00 for the project ‘Rights, Inclusion and Participation: Amazonian Indigenous People in Metropolitan Lima’.

Partner organisations: Comunidad de Estudios Sociales y Acción Pública (CIUDADANIA (Bolivia)). Theme:

‘Fortalecimiento de la democracia, interculturalidad, participación política, igualdad de género, interculturalidad (mujeres quechuandinas) y el fortalecimiento de la ciudadanía’.

Partner organisations: Secretaría Ejecutiva del Movimiento Ciudadano Para Que No Se Repita. Theme:

‘Implementación de una agenda nacional de Derechos Humanos basada en la memoria, verdad, justicia, reparaciones, reformas institucionales y reconciliación, desde la diversidad e interculturalidad, fortalecimiento de la sociedad civil’.

Theme: ‘Promoción de los derechos humanos en víctimas a la trata de personas, trato ilícito de migrantes y personas desaparecidas; participación ciudadana en la auditoría social de la implementación de las políticas públicas en las materias del proyecto’.

Partner organisations: Derechos, Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (DAR). Theme: ‘Estableciendo vínculos entre Gobierno empresas y pueblos indígenas en la región Ucayali, afectados por la extracción de recursos naturales, para el reconocimiento de sus derechos y la construcción de agendas colaborativas’.





Partner organisations: Centro de Promoción y Estudios de la Mujer Andina ‘Lulay’ (CEPEMA). Theme:

‘Tendiendo puentes entre los Partidos o Movimientos Políticos y las Organizaciones Defensoras de los Derechos Humanos en la Región Junín’.

Theme: ‘Promover los principios de igualdad y no discriminación, formular estrategias nacionales y capacidad de propuesta para la legislación local, nacional, contribuir a la sensibilización en torno al tema de la igualdad de derechos’.

Partner organisations: Derechos, Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (DAR). Theme: ‘Estableciendo vínculos entre Gobierno empresas y pueblos indígenas en la región Ucayali, afectados por la extracción de recursos naturales, para el reconocimiento de sus derechos y la construcción de agendas colaborativas’.

Parter organisations: Asociación Ministerio Diaconal Paz y Esperanza, Asociación Pro Derechos Humanos (APRODEH), Centro de Iniciativas para el Desarrollo Humanos (CEIDHU), Centro Amazónico de Antropología y Aplicación Práctica (CAAAP) and Instituto de Defensa Legal (IDL). Theme: ‘Implementación de las recomendaciones del Informe Final de la Comisión de la Verdad y Reconciliación, apoyo a las redes de organizaciones de víctimas del conflicto armado interno 1980-2000’.

FRAME Deliverable No. 5.6

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Partner organisations: Instituto de Investigación y Promoción de Desarrollo y Paz en Ayacucho (IPAZ). Theme:

‘Apoyo a procesos de reconciliación después de conflicto armada, igualdad de género y ejercicio derechos de las mujeres, proceso de memoria colectiva de acciones que apoyaron procesos de paz’.

Partner organisations: Asociación Movimiento El Pozo. Theme: ‘Prevenir los delitos contra los derechos y la dignidad humana, la lucha contra la trata de niñas, niños y adolescentes con fines de explotación sexual o comercial, contribuir a la sensibilización ciudadana y trabajar con los medios de comunicación acerca de la importancia de este tema’.

Partner organisations: Coordinadora Nacional de Radio (CNR). Theme: ‘Prevenir los delitos contra los derechos y la dignidad humana, lucha contra la trata, conformación de redes sociales en las instituciones locales, regionales y del Estado para la promoción de mediadas establecidas en la legislación nacional (Código del Niño y del Adolescente y Plan Nacional de Acción por la Infancia 2002-2010)’.

Partner organisations: Comisión Ecuménica de Derechos Humanos (CEDHU (Ecuador)) e Instituto de Estudios Comparados en Ciencias Penales de Guatemala (ICCPG). Theme: ‘Contribuir a la erradicación de la tortura y otros tratos crueles, inhumanos y degradantes en Perú, Ecuador y Guatemala’.

Partner organisations: Instituto Peruano de Educación en Derechos Humanos y la Paz (IPEDEHP) and Equipo Peruano de Antropología Forense (EPAF). Theme: ‘Recuperación de la memoria individual y colectiva, apoyo a procesos de reconciliación y reparación, a organizaciones de afectados por la violencia y políticas públicas de reparación’.

Partner organisations: Instituto de Estudios para el Desarrollo y la Paz (INDEPAZ (Colombia)), Corporación de Gestión y Derecho Ambienta (ECOLEX (Ecuador)) and Centro de Colaboración Cívica (Perú). Theme: ‘Resolución de conflictos, conciliación pacífica de intereses entre sociedad civil y Estado, promoción de los derechos humanos de comunidades indígenas y afrodescendientes, participación ciudadana a nivel local, apoyo a redes de la sociedad civil’.

Partner organisations: Capítulo Boliviano de Derechos Humanos, Democracia y Desarrollo (CBDHDD (Bolivia)), Comité de Derechos Humanos de Shushufindi (Ecuador) y Coordinadora Nacional de Derechos Humanos (CNDDHH (Perú)). Theme: ‘Promoción de los Derechos de las Comunidades, participación democrática de organizaciones indígenas amazónicas, gestión de los recursos naturales y del desarrollo sostenible de la región amazónica’.

Partner organisations: Confederación de Nacionalidades Amazónicas del Perú (CONAP), Centro Amazónico de Antropología y Aplicación Práctica (CAAP) and International Labour Organisation (ILO). Theme: ‘Promover el cumplimiento de los compromisos internacionales de Derechos Humanos, difusión del convenio 169 de la OIT, respecto a derechos de los pueblos indígenas, participación en los procesos y Mesas de Diálogo entre el Estado, Sociedad Civil y Pueblos Indígenas’.

Partner organisations: Asociación Ministerio Diaconal Paz y Esperanza, Asociación Pro Derechos Humanos (APRODEH), Centro de Iniciativas para el Desarrollo Humanos (CEIDHU), Centro Amazónico de Antropología y Aplicación Práctica (CAAAP) and Instituto de Defensa Legal (IDL). Theme: ‘Implementación de las recomendaciones del Informe Final de la Comisión de la Verdad y Reconciliación, apoyo a las redes de organizaciones de víctimas del conflicto armado interno 1980-2000’.

FRAME Deliverable No. 5.6 After an analysis of all projects that received EU funds between 2007 and 2013, the following stand out as the most important human right issues for EU contributions: indigenous peoples (8 projects), transitional justice (6 projects), and gender equality and violence against women (4 projects).197 Regarding the contribution to the protection and development of the rights of indigenous peoples and the protection of women, it is important to note that the EU has also made contributions to the IACHR for projects related to these issues. In relation to these themes the policy of EU contributions appears to be consistent and systematic.

Concerning support for projects related to transitional justice, as previously indicated, this is an issue that still has ample space for discussion and action in Peru because it is a post-conflict country. In this regard, the EU’s contribution supports the strengthening of democracy, the possibility of reparations for victims and the building of a new concept of citizenship that involves all Peruvian people. These contributions to Peruvian society consequently appear particularly important and should be continued and expanded in the future.

According to our interview partners at the EU Delegation in Peru, the majority of the EU funded projects achieved full compliance and fulfilled the specific objectives set out in the work program.

However, there is no publicly available data that allows us to identify either how these results affected the Peruvian society or whether they are sustainable in the long term. Again, similarly to the issues raised with regard to EU funding of the IASHR, it is necessary to consider and discuss the need to make available the results of projects to civil society, so that the results can be duly analyzed and studied.

Additionally, the new EIDHR budget was established for the period 2014-2020 for a total amount of EUR 1.3 billion.198 The new budget entails news strategies199 and simplification procedures for proposals.200 A new human rights facility has been created for new calls for proposals and a new EU human rights defenders mechanism for ongoing operations, in compliance with a new EU Human Rights Toolbox for all Human Rights Cooperation Programs.201 See also Susanne Gratius, ‘EU Democracy Promotion in Latin America: More a Tradition than a Policy’ (2011) 16 European Foreign Affairs Review 689, 694 et seq.

CONCORD, ‘Guide to EuropeAid funding instruments 2014-2020: CSO Engagement in EU development cooperation, www.concordeurope.org/images/Guide_to_EuropeAid_funding_instruments_2014-2020.pdf, p 20.

The new EIDHR places a strong emphasis on vulnerable groups, see: European Commission, ‘The Multiannual Financial Framework: The External Action Financing Instruments’, memo, 11 December 2013, http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_MEMO-13-1134_en.htm.

The new EIDHR strengthens the position of civil society. See Regulation (EU) No 236/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2014 laying down common rules and procedures for the implementation of the Union's instruments for financing external action [2014] OJ L77/95.

European Commission, ‘Commission staff working document: Tool-box, A rights-based approach, encompassing all human rights for EU development cooperation’, SWD(2014) 152 final, 30 April 2014.

FRAME Deliverable No. 5.6

VII. Assessment of the EU-OAS human rights cooperation:

consistency, leadership and influence of the EU To assess the effectiveness of the EU human rights cooperation, it is necessary to analyse it from a multilateral perspective and from a bilateral perspective.

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