«Material Safety Data Sheet Material Name: Potassium Permanganate ID: C1-134 * * * Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company Identification * * * ...»
Material Safety Data Sheet
Material Name: Potassium Permanganate ID: C1-134
* * * Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company Identification * * *
Chemical Name: Potassium Permanganate
Product Use: For Commercial Use
Synonyms: Chameleon Mineral; Condy’s Crystals; Permanganate de Potassium; Permanganic Acid, Potassium Salt; Purple Salt
Chem One Ltd. Phone: (713) 896-9966 14140 Westfair East Drive Fax: (713) 896-7540 Houston, Texas 77041-1104 Emergency # (800) 424-9300 or (703) 527-3887 General Comments: FOR COMMERCIAL USE ONLY; NOT TO BE USED AS A PESTICIDE.
NOTE: Emergency telephone numbers are to be used only in the event of chemical emergencies involving a spill, leak, fire, exposure, or accident involving chemicals. All non-emergency questions should be directed to customer service.
* * * Section 2 - Composition / Information on Ingredients * * * CAS # Component Percent 7722-64-7 Potassium Permanganate 97-99.5% Component Related Regulatory Information This product may be regulated, have exposure limits or other information identified as the following: Manganese (7439-64-7), Manganese, elemental & inorganic Compounds, as Mn, and Manganese fume, Mn.
Component Information/Information on Non-Hazardous Components This product is considered hazardous under 29 CFR 1910.1200 (Hazard Communication).
* * * Section 3 - Hazards Identification * * * Emergency Overview This product is a dark purple/bronze solid, in crystalline or free-flowing powder form. Potentially fatal if swallowed. Highly corrosive to the skin. Can cause permanent damage to the eyes. Known irritant of the respiratory system. Strong oxidizer.
Contact with other combustible material may cause fire. Firefighters should use full protective equipment and clothing.
Hazard Statements STRONG OXIDIZER. Contact with combustible materials such as wood, paper, oil, etc., may cause fire. MAY BE FATAL IF SWALLOWED OR INHALED. Can cause burns of eyes and skin. May cause respiratory tract irritation. Avoid contact with eyes and skin. Avoid breathing dusts. Wash thoroughly after handling. Keep container closed. Use with adequate ventilation.
Keep from contact with clothing and other combustible materials.
Potential Health Effects: Eyes Can cause severe eye injury. Contact can produce hardened, ulcer-like injury on eye. Conjunctivitis and bleeding may occur. In extreme cases, cloudiness or discoloration of the cornea may occur.
Potential Health Effects: Skin Product acts as a highly corrosive agent to the skin. Contact may produce burns and/or tissue necrosis. Contact will also stain skin brown.
Potential Health Effects: Ingestion May irritate and cause burns of the mouth and throat. Symptoms may include brown discoloration and edema of mucous membranes of mouth, glottis and pharynx, cough, laryngeal edema, nausea, vomiting, gastric lesions, stridor (high-pitched, noisy breathing), laryngeal edema, necrosis of oral and pharyngeal mucosa, slow pulse, cardiovascular collapse, profound hypotension and decreased blood pressure. Fatal oral dose is estimated at 10 grams (0.35 oz). Death may occur up to one month from the time of poisoning. If death is not immediate, jaundice and oliguria or anuria may appear. Ingestion of solutions of Potassium Permanganate has caused mild Parkinson Ian syndrome, and distally accentuated polyneuropathies. These symptoms normally occur long after the incident of ingestion exposure, sometimes years later.
Potential Health Effects: Inhalation May irritate the nose, throat and respiratory tract. In severe cases, pulmonary edema may occur that could potentially lead to death. Symptoms of pulmonary edema may be delayed. Other symptoms could include sore throat, coughing, shortness of breath, and breathing. Workers chronically exposed by inhalation to Potassium Permanganate have showed a 35% increase in the incidence of pneumonia.
HMIS Ratings: Health Hazard: 3* Fire Hazard: 0 Physical Hazard: 0 Hazard Scale: 0 = Minimal 1 = Slight 2 = Moderate 3 = Serious 4 = Severe * = Chronic hazard ____________________________________________________________
Issue Date: 09/09/98 09:35:27 CLW Page 1 of 11 Revision Date: 09/18/09 MMK Material Safety Data Sheet Material Name: Potassium Permanganate ID: C1-134 * * * Section 4 - First Aid Measures * * * First Aid: Eyes In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Seek immediate medical attention if any adverse effect occurs.
First Aid: Skin Remove all contaminated clothing. For skin contact, wash extremely thoroughly with soap and water. Seek immediate medical attention if irritation develops or persists.
First Aid: Ingestion DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING, unless directly by physician or other medical personnel. Have victim rinse mouth thoroughly with water, if conscious. Never give anything by mouth to a victim who is unconscious or having convulsions. Contact a physician or poison control center immediately.
First Aid: Inhalation Remove source of contamination or move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult. Get immediate medical attention. Get immediate medical attention.
First Aid: Notes to Physician Provide general supportive measures and treat symptomatically. The following treatment is recommended for overexposure to
Basic Treatment: Establish a patent airway. Suction if necessary. Watch for signs of respiratory insufficiency and assist ventilations if necessary. Administer oxygen by non-rebreather mask at 10 to 15 L/minutes. Monitor for pulmonary edema and treat if necessary. Monitor for shock and treat if necessary. For eye contamination, flush eyes immediately with water.
Irrigate each eye continuously with normal saline during transport. Do not use emetics. For ingestion, rinse mouth and administer 5 mL/kg up to 200 mL of water for dilution if the patient can swallow, has a strong gag reflex, and does not drool.
Advanced Treatment: Consider orotracheal or nasotracheal intubation for airway control in the patient who is unconscious or in severe respiratory distress. Monitor cardiac rhythm and treat arrhythmias if necessary. Start an IV with D5W /SRP: "To keep open", minimal flow rate. Use lactated Ringer's if signs of hypovolemia are present. Consider drug therapy for pulmonary edema. For hypotension with signs of hypovolemia, administer fluid cautiously. Consider vasopressors for hypotension with a normal fluid volume. Watch for signs of fluid overload. Use proparacaine hydrochloride to assist eye irrigation.
* * * Section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures * * * Flash Point: Not combustible Method Used: Not applicable Upper Flammable Limit (UEL): Not applicable Lower Flammable Limit (LEL): Not applicable Auto Ignition: Not applicable Flammability Classification: Not applicable Rate of Burning: Not applicable General Fire Hazards Potassium Permanganate is an NFPA Class 2 Oxidizer. This is an oxidizing material that will increase the burning rate or cause a spontaneous ignition with a combustible material. Containers may explode in fire. Contact with paper, wood or other combustible materials may result in fire. If combustible material is in finely divided dust form, an explosion may result. Contact with liquid combustible materials may cause spontaneous combustion and fire.
Hazardous Combustion Products Upon heating, oxygen will be released.
Extinguishing Media Do not use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, foam or halon extinguishing materials; use flooding quantities of water only if involved in a fire..
Fire Fighting Equipment/Instructions Firefighters should wear full protective clothing including self contained breathing apparatus. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution. Prevent the spread of any released product to combustible objects.
NFPA Ratings: Health: 3 Fire: 0 Reactivity: 0 Other: Oxidizer Hazard Scale: 0 = Minimal 1 = Slight 2 = Moderate 3 = Serious 4 = Severe
* * * Section 6 - Accidental Release Measures * * * Containment Procedures Stop the flow of material, if this can be done without risk. Contain the discharged material. If sweeping of a contaminated area is necessary use a dust suppressant agent which does not react with product, (see Section 10 for incompatibility information).
(DO NOT USE SAWDUST, ACTIVATED CARBON OR OTHER COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL).
Clean-Up Procedures For small releases, clean-up spilled liquid wearing gloves, goggles, faceshield, and suitable body protection. Sweep-up or vacuum spilled solid. Decontaminate the area thoroughly. Test area with litmus paper to ensure neutralization. Place all spill residues in a suitable container. Thoroughly wash the area after clean-up. Prevent spill rinsate from contamination of storm drains, sewers, soil or groundwater. Spill rinsate should be neutralized by adding dilute caustic soda (NaOH) or sodium bisulfite (NAHSO3).
Spill rinsate may be an oxidizing liquid and so should be prevented to have contact with any combustible materials.
Evacuation Procedures Evacuate the area promptly and keep upwind of the spilled material. Isolate the spill area to prevent people from entering.
Keep materials which can burn away from spilled material. In case of large spills, follow all facility emergency response procedures.
Special Procedures Remove soiled clothing and launder before reuse. Avoid all skin contact with the spilled material. Have emergency equipment readily available.
* * * Section 7 - Handling and Storage * * * Handling Procedures All employees who handle this material should be trained to handle it safely. Do not breathe dust. Avoid all contact with skin and eyes. Use this product only with adequate ventilation. Wash thoroughly after handling.
Storage Procedures Keep container tightly closed when not in use. If this product is transferred into another container, only use portable containers and tools approved for oxidizing solids. Store containers in a cool, dry location, away from direct sunlight, sources of intense heat, or where freezing is possible. Material should be stored in secondary containers or in a diked area, as appropriate. Store containers away from incompatible chemicals (see Section 10, Stability and Reactivity). Store containers away from wood, cardboard boxes, and other combustible materials. Storage areas should be made of corrosion- and fire-resistant materials. Post warning and “NO SMOKING” signs in storage and use areas, as appropriate. Use corrosion-resistant structural materials, lighting, and ventilation systems in the storage area. Floors should be sealed to prevent absorption of this material. Inspect all incoming containers before storage, to ensure containers are properly labeled and not damaged. Have appropriate extinguishing equipment in the storage area (i.e., sprinkler system, portable fire extinguishers). Refer to NFPA 43A, Liquid, Solid Oxidizers, for additional information on storage.
Empty containers may contain residual particulates; therefore, empty containers should be handled with care. Never store food, feed, or drinking water in containers which held this product. Keep this material away from food, drink and animal feed. Do not store this material in open or unlabeled containers. Limit quantity of material stored.
* * * Section 8 - Exposure Controls / Personal Protection * * * Exposure Guidelines A: General Product Information Follow the applicable exposure limits.
B: Component Exposure Limits The exposure limits given are for Manganese, elemental & inorganic Compounds, as Mn (7439-96-5) or Manganese fume, as Mn.
ACGIH: 0.2 mg/m3 TWA (Notice of Intended Change = 0.03 [respirable fraction]) OSHA: 5 mg/m3 STEL, Ceiling NIOSH: 1 mg/m3 TWA 3 mg/m3 STEL DFG MAKs 0.5 mg/m3 TWA, (inhalable fraction), Peak, 30 minutes, average value Engineering Controls Use mechanical ventilation such as dilution and local exhaust. Use a corrosion-resistant ventilation system and exhaust directly to the outside. Supply ample air replacement. Provide dust collectors with explosion vents.
Issue Date: 09/09/98 09:35:27 CLW Page 3 of 11 Revision Date: 09/18/09 MMK Material Safety Data Sheet Material Name: Potassium Permanganate ID: C1-134 * * * Section 8 - Exposure Controls / Personal Protection (Continued) * * *
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENTThe following information on appropriate Personal Protective Equipment is provided to assist employers in complying with OSHA regulations found in 29 CFR Subpart I (beginning at 1910.132) or equivalent Standards of Canada. Please reference applicable regulations and standards for relevant details.
Personal Protective Equipment: Eyes/Face Wear safety glasses with side shields (or goggles) and a face shield, if this material is made into solution. If necessary, refer to U.S. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.133.
Personal Protective Equipment: Skin Wear impervious gloves, boots and coveralls to avoid skin contact. If necessary, refer to U.S. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.138.
Personal Protective Equipment: Respiratory If respiratory protection is needed, use only protection authorized in the U.S. Federal OSHA Standard (29 CFR 1910.134), applicable U.S. State regulations. Oxygen levels below 19.5% are considered IDLH by OSHA. In such atmospheres, use of a fullfacepiece pressure/demand SCBA or a full facepiece, supplied air respirator with auxiliary self-contained air supply is required under OSHA’s Respiratory Protection Standard (1910.134-1998). If airborne concentrations are above the applicable exposure limits, use NIOSH-approved respiratory protection. The following NIOSH Guidelines for Manganese and Compounds (as Mn) are presented for further information.
Up to 10 mg/m3: Dust and mist respirator except single-use and quarter-mask respirator or SAR.
Up to 25 mg/m3: SAR operated in a continuous in a continuous-flow mode, or powered air-purifying respirator with dust and mist filters.