«Lists of figures, plans, tables and appendices ii Glossary vii Executive Summary viii 1 Introduction 1 2 Undertaking the Study 9 3 Strategic Context ...»
East Outer has the largest provision of natural green space; 385 hectares equating to a ratio of 4.8 hectares per 1,000 population. This is due to the large natural sites around Allerton Bywater and adjacent to the River Aire. Here 72% of households are within 15 minutes walk of a natural site. This access percentage is similar to other areas with substantially less green space and reflects the semi rural location of many of the sites. Households in Western Garforth, Whitkirk, Crossgates, Manston have to travel further than 15 minutes walk to access a natural space. Although some of these areas have access to parks which contain large areas of natural space. The average quality of natural green space sites is 4.93 indicating that sites in this area are of a better average quality than the district. In this area 3% of sites achieve the quality standard. Application of the standards highlights the area is deficient in quality and accessibility; the priority should focus on improving the quality of existing sites in the most accessible locations.
There are three council indoor leisure facilities; John Smeaton Leisure Centre, Garforth Squash & Leisure Centre and Kippax Leisure Centre. Most households have 15 minute public transport access to council sports halls. Access to swimming pools and gyms is not as good due to the limited range of facilities available at the centres in Kippax and Garforth. Households in Kippax have to travel 30 minutes to access a council gym and households in Northern Garforth, 30 minutes for a swimming pool. Most residents have poor access to both council or privately run indoor tennis facilities, having to travel 45 minutes or greater by public transport to access the John Charles Centre for Sport in South Leeds. Quality of council provision is 7.89 for John Smeaton, Garforth 3.33 and 4.11 for Kippax. The priority should focus on improving the quality standard at both the Garforth and Kippax sites which are in need of refurbishment to satisfy the proposed quality standard.
North East Inner
North East Inner has a below average provision ratio (0.8 hectares per 1,000 population) and quantity (57 hectares) of Parks and Gardens. However, when including Roundhay Park (a city park) the figure increases to 2.89 hectares per 1,000 population and 204.83 hectares. Access is good, with most residents having access within 15 minutes walk to a park site or multi facility recreation ground. Communities of Moortown, Carr Manor, parts of north Chapletown and south east Oakwood are all outside of the 15 minute catchments. Application of the standards would suggest a 14 hectare deficiency, however, the priority should be to raise the quality of sites.
With an average quality score of 5.72, and no single site satisfying the proposed quality standard, there is a need to action quality improvements.
With the lowest number of amenity green spaces (29) covering a large area (51.57 hectares), the provision ratio for amenity space in the North East Inner area is one of the highest at 0.73 hectares per 1,000 population. The application of the amenity standard indicates a surplus of 20 hectares of amenity space. This quantitative surplus needs to be balanced with the deficiency for Parks and Gardens of over 14 hectares. Access to amenity space is fair overall but the residents of Roundhay, Western Meanwood and Chapel Allerton are outside a 10 minute walk catchment to access amenity space. However, these residents without access to an amenity green space have good access (less than 10 minutes) to Parks and Gardens within the area which can fulfil the function of amenity green space. The quality average for the area is 5.38; higher than the city average for amenity space which is 5.05. In this area 8% of amenity sites achieve the proposed quality standard. The priority should focus on improving the quality of the most valuable amenity spaces and consider which surplus sites are most equipped in terms of location, size and topography to be transformed into other open space types.
With a ratio of 1.42 hectares per 1,000 population, North East Inner has the joint lowest provision of children’s and young people’s equipped play facilities.
Application of the standard calculates that 8 additional facilities are needed; the second highest shortfall of any area. Here 72% of households are within 15 minutes of equipped play provision, however, the distribution of children’s play areas leaves the communities of Moortown, Oakwood and Car Manor outside 15 minutes of their nearest facility. The current quality of provision has only been assessed on the space which is not necessarily a reflection of the equipped play facility itself. The average quality of green space sites with fixed play provision is 5.43 indicating that sites with such provision are of a slightly lower quality than the average score for amenity and parks and garden sites in the area. The priority should be to improve the distribution of children’s equipped play areas.
Performance against the city average for the quantity of outdoor sports is slightly below the proposed standard at 1.59 hectares per 1,000 population. It has a deficit in overall outdoor sports provision of 19 hectares. All households are within a 10 minute drive of a council grass playing pitch and bowling green and 20 minutes drive to an athletics track, golf facility and synthetic pitch. Only the communities off Meanwood Road (towards to city centre) have to walk further than 20 minutes to access an outdoor tennis court. Due to the influence of privately operated outdoor sports sites (including Education Leeds) the average quality score performs well at 6.06, however, this is the lowest of all areas. In the area 48% of sites achieve the quality standard. Raising the quality of existing sites should be the priority, although some minor deficiencies appear to exist. Further sports specific demand led research should be undertaken to fully understand the detailed nature of the apparent deficit.
The waiting list for allotments in the North East Inner has witnessed the largest increase of all analysis areas between 2010 and 2011. In 2010 the area waiting list was one of the city’s highest at 232 persons. Currently 10.16 hectares is in use as allotments and only one small site (0.22 hectares) is disused. The provision ratio is lower than average at 0.15 hectares per 1,000 population. To achieve the proposed standard requires a further 7 hectares of allotment provision. Residents in Moortown, Oakwood and Chapletown have to travel further than a 15 minute walk to access active sites. The average quality score for sites in use is the highest of all the areas at 5.87, with 25% of sites achieving the quality standard. The priority should be to create new sites to reduce the waiting list and improve the quality of existing sites by tackling security and facilities provision such as a water supply.
With a provision ratio slightly below the city average for natural green space, there is 2.12 hectares per 1,000 population, resulting in a surplus of 8 hectares.
Accessibility is good, with 91% of households within 15 minutes of a natural site.
Parts of Chapel Allerton, Roundhay and Southern Chapletown are outside a 15 minute walk time. The average quality score was 4.55, slightly above the district average, although none of the sites achieved the quality standard. The priority should be to improve the existing quality of sites.
Scott Hall Sports Centre is the only council indoor leisure facility within the analysis area. This centre offers a good range of facilities, meaning most households in the area have 15 minute public transport access to a council sports hall, swimming pool and health and fitness gym. There are, however, some gaps in provision in areas of Roundhay.
North East Outer
This area has the lowest provision ratio (0.42 hectares per 1,000 population) and quantity (26 hectares) of Parks and Gardens (excluding city parks) of all ten areas.
Access for residents is poor, with residents in Shadwell, Alwoodley and the rural villages between Wetherby and the main Leeds conurbation all outside a 15 minute walk to a park site or multi facility recreation ground. Application of the quantity standard shows the largest analysis area deficit at 36 hectares. With an average quality score of 5.92, and 29% of sites achieving the quality standard there is scope for further improvements. However, the priority should be to raise the quality of existing sites and use the LDF to deliver additional parks in areas of highest deficit with acutely limited accessibility.
There is 28 hectares of amenity space, a ratio of 0.45 hectares per 1,000 population which meets the proposed quantity. Access to amenity space is fair overall, but a number of the more rural settlements of Eastern Shadwell, Northern Scholes, Scarcroft, Bardsey and Linton are all outside a 10 minute walk catchment to access amenity space or 15 minutes from a Park or Garden site which could fulfil the function of amenity green space. The quality average for the area is 4.71, with 14% of sites achieving the quality standard. This is slightly below the city average for amenity space which is 5.05. Generally the priority should be raising the quality of existing sites and the creation of new multi functional sites for those settlement without access to either a Park and Garden or amenity space.
Of all the areas, North East Outer has least number of skate parks (1) and teen zones (0), however, the provision ratio meets the average at 1.94. Provision focuses on younger children, with 19 children’s equipped play areas. Application of the standard calculates that only one additional facility would be needed. Access to the equipped play facilities is good, although the communities in parts of Alwoodley, Scarcroft and Scholes do not have any provision. The current quality of provision has only been assessed on the space which is not necessarily a reflection of the quality of the play facility itself. The average quality of green space sites with fixed play provision is 5.14 indicating that sites with such provision are of a slightly better quality than the average score for amenity and parks and garden sites. With 67% of the population living within 15 minutes walk of an equipped play facility the priority should be to improve the distribution and location of children’s fixed play areas.
The provision ratio for the North East Outer area is the highest of all areas with 2.64 hectares per 1,000 population which results in the highest current supply at 45.83 hectares. Accessibility catchments for most outdoor sports facilities is very good, however, Wetherby, Thorp Arch, Bramham, Collingham and Linton are not within a 20 minute drive to an athletics track. Quality of outdoor facilities is 6.51, slightly above city average and 36% of outdoor sites achieved the standard. Raising the quality of existing sites should be the priority, although some specialist localised deficiencies appear to exist. Further sports specific demand led research need to be undertaken to fully understand the detailed nature of the apparent deficit.
The North East Outer Area has the joint lowest provision ratio of alloments at 0.11 hectares per 1,000 population. However, all sites are in use and the area has the lowest waiting list figure at 26 persons (2010), but this could be explained by the limited number of allotment sites and the rural geography of the area. To achieve the proposed standard would indicate a further 8 hectares of allotment provision is required. However, this level of additional provision is not supported by the waiting list information. Residents in Wetherby, Thorner, Scarcroft, Shadwell and Alwoodley have to travel over 15 minutes walk to access existing in use sites. The average quality score for sites in use is below average at 5.03. The priority should be to improve the quality of existing sites by tackling security and facilities provision such as a water supply. Any new provision should be directed to those areas of greatest deficiency which maximise accessibility. Further research into the geography of demand would need to be undertaken to ascertain optimum locations. Parish and town councils are the statutory allotment authority where they exist which is in many settlements throughout the North East Outer.
There is 2.28 hectares per 1,000 population of natural green space.
The standard indicates an over provision of 11 hectares. Accessibility is good with 58% of residents being within the 15 minute walk time standard from a natural site. Shadwell and the rural settlements of Thorner, Scholes and Barwick in Elmet are all outside the catchment of an identified natural site. However, the rural settlements are within easy access to the countryside and public rights of way network. Quality is fair at 4.50, with only 7% of sites achieving the quality standard, suggesting that the priority should be improving the quality of natural sites.
Wetherby Leisure Centre is the only council indoor leisure centre within North East Outer. Most households have 15 to 30 minute public transport access to the public indoor health and fitness gyms and public swimming pools. However, for council sports halls, indoor bowls and public multi purpose halls about half of the residents have to travel over 45 minutes on public transport to access these. The main deficit is for Wetherby and surrounding villages. Application of the standards would suggest a wider range of public indoor sport facilities in Wetherby would improve accessibility.
North West Inner
The provision ratio (0.84 hectares per 1,000 population) and quantity (89.58 hectares) of Parks and Gardens (including city parks) is below the district average.
Access for residents is very good, with most residents having access within 15 minutes walk to a park site or multi facility recreation ground. A small section of the Ireland Wood and central Headingley communities are outside the 15 minute walking catchments. Application of the standard suggests a further 17 hectares is needed.
With an average quality score of 4.96 and only 6% of Parks and Gardens meeting the proposed quality standard there is a need to action improvements.