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10.102 In ‘Priority Project Funding, Policy and Operational Procedures’, the Lawn Tennis Association (LTA) states that one indoor court can serve 200 regular tennis players. National LTA research indicates that 5% of people in the UK play tennis and 2% of the population play regularly. It is, therefore, reasonable to assume that around 15,222 (2%) of the Leeds’ population play tennis regularly. This was reinforced in the recent Active People survey which indicated that nationally, just over 2% of residents play tennis regularly. Using these figures, the demand for indoor tennis courts within Leeds would theoretically be 76 courts. This suggests that there is unmet demand of 44 indoor courts. However, user data from John Charles suggests the courts are used to approximately one third of their potential, although this could be more of a location and access issue.
10.103 Table 10.10 below illustrates the inequitable distribution of indoor tennis facilities across the city. Most are located within the inner urban areas.
Table 10.10 Indoor Tennis Courts provision in Leeds by analysis area
10.104 The standard is based on retaining the existing level of provision as the population increases. In addition, supply is supplemented by outdoor provision, especially during the summer months.
Current level of council provision 0.08 courts per 1,000 population Proposed level of council provision 0.08 courts per 1,000 population
10.105 The only council facility providing tennis courts is the John Charles Centre for Sport, Tennis Centre. The existing quality of the facility has been assessed as poor, only scoring 3.67. This clearly indicates some improvements are required to improve the user experience.
10.106 The standard reflects the proposed quality standard to achieve at all council indoor leisure facilities. Whilst the proposed quality standard is a jump from the quality of the existing provision, there is only one council indoor tennis facility and the scoring was highly critical of the access and signage. The structure itself received a high score.
Source: Sport England, Active Places Power (May 2011) which includes all providers (public, private, education, community etc) Current provision Accessibility
10.107 For those household survey respondents who would expect to travel by car or walk, the 75th percentile result was a 15 minute journey time. The results for onstreet were slightly longer. For those on-street survey respondents, who would expect to travel by car, the 75th percentile result was a 20 minute drive time, whilst those who would expect to walk, the result was 19 minutes.
10.108 Analysis of the Leeds Card user data for 2010/11 reveals that the average distance travelled to access the council indoor tennis facility at John Charles Centre for Sport is 13.5 km. The 75th percentile is 17.5km. These results indicate that the facility is attracting users beyond the Leeds metropolitan boundary.
10.109 Plan 10.5 overleaf demonstrates the location of indoor tennis facilities in Leeds. It can be seen that the majority of residents are within a 15 minute drive time of a facility, only residents in the East areas are outside the catchment. There are few residents who are able to walk to an indoor tennis centre. It is also evident that indoor tennis is generally biased towards the North West of the city.
10.110 There is no provision to the East of the city and, therefore, residents have limited access to facilities. The demand for additional tennis facilities should, therefore, be monitored with a view to locating any additional facilities to the East of the city.
Setting an Accessibility Standard
10.111 The majority of on-street respondents (57%) expected to walk to an indoor racquet sport facility. The majority of household survey respondents expected to use a car, where the modal journey time was 10 minutes and the 75th percentile result was 15 minutes.
Recommended Accessibility Standard
10.112 The standard reflects that it is not realistic to provide indoor tennis facilities to accommodate a walk time catchment, but that a drive time for all residents would be inequitable given the low levels of car ownership in some areas with no provision. Therefore, a public transport journey time standard is recommended.
20 minutes public transport journey time
10.113 To achieve a reasonable walk time is unrealistic and even though both surveys addressed racquet sports and not indoor tennis specifically, is it clear that most respondents would only expect to walk a relatively short distance (10 minutes) which would require a proliferation of provision.
10.114 Plan 10.5 illustrates the distribution of all existing tennis courts and demonstrates the catchments, based on the above standard. As discussed above, the journey times from the East of the city are considerably above the proposed journey time standard.
10.115 With only one council facility in the South of city, there are considerable public transport travel times expected for residents in the Northern area of the city. Plan
10.3 shows journey times to access John Charles Centre for Sport Tennis Centre.
Residents in the most Northern settlements of North East Leeds fall outside the one hour catchment, although car ownership in this area of the city is considerably above the city average. The 2010 Acxiom Lifestyle data results show that 12% of households have no access to a car or van in the North East Outer area.
10.116 Analysis of the quantity of current provision indicates that there are 0.04 courts per 1,000 population in Leeds. This compares positively to both the national average (0.03) and the regional average 0.02. Analysis of national trend data shows that it is likely that there is some unmet demand within the city. This is reinforced by the nature of the majority of existing facilities, which are commercial centres that operate on a membership basis.
10.117 Provision of indoor tennis facilities in Leeds is biased towards the North West of the city and there are no facilities to the East of the city. Demand for additional provision should, therefore, be monitored on an ongoing basis. Sports Development Initiatives underway across Leeds currently prioritise tennis. This may see supply and demand increase in future years.
10.118 The total provision in the city equates to 5,004 gym stations. The vast majority of gyms are private, commercial facilities with only 809 gym stations (16%) located in council gyms.
Current provision Quantity
10.119 Analysis of the quantity of current provision using Sport England data indicates that there are 7.0 stations per 1,000 population in Leeds. This compares positively to both the national average (5.66) and the regional average (5.58).
Table 10.11 below uses Sport England’s audit data and calculates an updated ratio using the 2008 mid year population estimate of 6.
42 gym stations per 1,000 population.
Table 10.11 Gym Station Provision in Leeds by Analysis Area
10.120 The distribution of gym stations is uneven, with the vast majority concentrated in the North West Outer area. The lowest level of provision is in the East Inner area where there is only two stations per 1,000 population. This low level of provision was reflected in the needs assessment where 43% of on-street respondents stated provision was about right or more than enough, with the exception of East Inner where (47%), a high proportion of respondents, considered there were ‘not enough’.
10.121 The needs assessment addressed private and council run facilities separately. 17 gyms in Leeds are provided in council publicly accessible facilities, one in a community facility, 30 are education facilities, 60 are private gyms. The vast majority of the 108 health and fitness gyms in Leeds are private membership clubs.
10.122 Approximately one third of respondents in both resident surveys offered no opinion on the quantity of gyms. 34% of respondents to the household survey felt that the quantity of council run gyms was not enough.
10.123 Opinion towards the level of provision for privately run gyms was significantly different, with only 6% of on-street survey respondents and 10% of household survey respondents considering there to be ‘not enough’.
Setting Provision Standards
10.124 The standard is based on increasing the existing level of provision in areas with inadequate provision as highlighted by the needs assessment and audit;
specifically the East Inner area.
Current level of council provision 1.04 gym stations per 1,000 population Proposed level of council provision 1.1 gym stations per 1,000 population
10.125 Analysis of the quality of existing council sites demonstrates that:
• there are three new facilities at Morley, Armley and John Smeaton provided in the last five years. The remaining facilities vary in age, although 11 sites are more than 20 years old and have not been refurbished in the last 20 years. This means that some of the facilities and equipment are outdated.
• overall the quality of facilities is sufficient to meet need in most areas, although several gyms would benefit from modernisation.
10.126 Holt Park Leisure Centre which was built in 1976 will be replaced by a Well Being Centre in 2013. At present there are no finances identified to replace or refurbish other council provided gym facilities.
Current quality of council provision 6 out of 10 (60%) Proposed quality of provision 7 out of 10 (70%)
10.127 The standard recognises that the overall provision of council gym facilities is in fair condition, although several would benefit from modernisation. The centre offering gym facilities with the lowest score is Holt Park. This centre will be replaced by the Well Being Centre in 2013.
10.128 Sport England’s Active Power Places provides data on the accessibility of facilities to different forms of transportation. Table 10.12 below compiles this data for all health and fitness gyms in Leeds.
Table 10.12 Health and Fitness Gym Provision in Leeds by Analysis Area
10.129 Most residents are within 20 minutes travel time of their nearest gym by a choice of transport modes. Over 80% of households can walk to their closest gym in less than 20 minutes.
10.130 Plan 10.5 illustrates the location of both council and private gym facilities in Leeds. It can be seen that the majority of residents are within a 20 minute walk time of a facility, only residents in the East area are outside of the catchment. The majority (80%) of residents are able to walk to a gym within 20 minutes.
10.131 Analysis of the Leeds Card user data for 2010/11 reveals that the average distance travelled to access a council gym facility is 4.4 km. The 75th percentile is
10.132 For those users that responded, household survey respondents who would expect to travel by car to a council gym, the 75th percentile result is a 15 minute drive time. Those who would expect to walk the 75th percentile result is 20 minutes.
The results for on-street were the reverse of the household survey results. For those on-street survey respondents who would expect to travel by car, the 75th percentile result was a 20 minute drive time and those who would expect to walk was 15 minutes.
10.133 For those household survey respondents who would expect to travel by car to a private gym, the 75th percentile was a 15 minute drive time. Those who would expect to walk would also travel 15 minutes. The results for on-street expected a longer drive time with a 75th percentile result of 20 minutes. The modal response for car journey times of both surveys was 10 minutes.
Recommended Accessibility Standard to a Council Gym Facility 15 minutes public transport journey time
10.134 The majority of survey respondents expected to walk to a council gym facility.
The household survey results showed the most common expected journey time as 10 minutes and the 75th percentile result was 20 minutes. The results of the on-street survey reveal a modal and 75th percentile result of 15 minutes walk.
10.135 A 10 to 15 minutes walk time to access a council gym facility is unrealistic for the majority of residents. Whilst Plan 10.7 shows that most residents are within a 15 minute drive time, this relies on access to private transport which the 2001 census shows is not an option for 34% of Leeds households.
10.136 The standard reflects an aspiration to improve accessibility of council facilities for all residents.
10.137 Plan 10.6 illustrates the distribution of existing council gym facilities based on the above standard. Residents in parts of Alwoodley, Shadwell, Adel, Otley, Farnley, Allerton Bywater, Cross Green, Hawksworth and Drighlington have to travel up to 30 minutes.
10.138 Analysis of the quantity of current provision indicates that there are 7.02 stations per 1,000 population in Leeds. This compares positively to both the national average (5.86) and the regional average (5.58). However, comparison with updated population estimates show that provision is now 6.42 stations per 1,000 population and is unevenly distributed across the city. The East Inner area appears to have particularly poor provision, however, the city centre has considerable provision but they are private facilities with their own cost restrictions to access.
The future provision of indoor facilities in Leeds
10.139 Analysis of the current supply and demand of indoor sports facilities in Leeds