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«Lists of figures, plans, tables and appendices ii Glossary vii Executive Summary viii 1 Introduction 1 2 Undertaking the Study 9 3 Strategic Context ...»

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• During 2010 funding was secured through the Free Swimming Capital Modernisation Fund to refurbish Otley Chippindale Swimming Pool, Aireborough and Kirkstall Leisure Centres. Unfortunately, this funding was removed following the initial Spending Review.

• Scott Hall Leisure Centre had a refurbishment undertaken on parts of the centre through funding from the First Round of the Free Swimming Capital Modernisation Fund.

• Holt Park Leisure Centre has recently had approval from Department of Health for Private Finance Initiative credits to replace it with a wellbeing centre.

• Additional work has been undertaken to re-furbish and undertake essential works on leisure centres through the Leeds City Council Capital Programme. This has included the refurbishment of Rothwell Leisure Centre’s changing rooms. Below at Table 10.3 is a list of build dates for

local authority provision:

Table 10.3 Age of Council Leisure Centres

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• Overall the quality of council leisure centres is not sufficient to meet need in certain areas of the city and the condition is deteriorating, although, the newly built sites are of a very high quality. Several facilities would benefit from modernisation and have been identified in the ‘Vision for Council Leisure Centres’. As identified in the Sport England Facilities Planning Model, the more in need of modernisation that a facility is, the less capacity it has to meet demand.

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Supply and Demand Analysis – Adequacy of Existing Provision

10.27 In order to analyse the adequacy of the existing provision of sports halls across Leeds, consideration has been given to the quantity, quality and access to existing sites.

Current Provision Quantity

10.28 Active Places Power, (which uses the 2001 Census population figures), indicates that there is 78m2 per 1,000 population of sports hall capacity in Leeds. This is slightly less than both the national and Yorkshire and Humber Region provision of 81m2 per 1,000 population. Analysis indicates that provision is lower than in neighbouring areas as well as lower than in local authorities of similar size. High population growth in the city is likely to mean this baseline position will deteriorate.

10.29 Active Places Power reveals that 42% of demand for sports halls in Leeds is not being met compared to 34% nationally and 32% regionally. The information above, suggests that the level of demand in the city is in excess of supply. Additionally, these figures include the sports halls generated through the extensive Building Schools for Future programme Leeds City Council has delivered. There are some questions around community access to such facilities. However, it is important to note that sports hall demand is time specific, with peak periods difficult to access and much lower levels of activity at off-peak times. Generally, however, it is felt that the Building Schools for Future sports hall access is not consistent across the city, thus indicatively these figures could be worse than they appear.

10.30 The consultation process revealed that the survey respondents considered the provision to be about right, with the exception of the East Inner analysis area, where 40% of respondents do not consider there to be enough. The majority of respondents in the Outer West and South Outer analysis areas (53% and 54% respectively) considered the provision to be about right or more than enough.

10.31 The distribution of all Leeds Sports Halls is illustrated in table 10.4 below. The data concerns multi-purpose sports halls, which are those spaces capable of accommodating multiple sports.

Table 10.4 Multi-Purpose Sports Hall Provision in Leeds by Analysis Area

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Source: Sport England, Active Places Power (May 2011) which includes all providers (public, private, education, community etc)

10.32 The main conclusions from the above table are:

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Setting Provision Standards

10.33 The standard is based on raising the level of provision in areas of deficiency when assessed against conclusions of the needs assessment and audit data.

Current level of council provision 13.94 square metres Proposed level of council provision 15 square metres

10.34 North West Outer has the highest level of provision at 101 square metres per 1,000 population, yet only 40% of respondents to the household survey in that area thought provision to be about right, or more than enough. Although, this could also be related to more users requiring access to facilities at peak time.

10.35 The standard is an acknowledgement that an increase in sport hall quantitative provision is desirable and supported by the need assessment results, but that other factors can also influence resident’s perceptions.

Current Provision - Quality

10.36 Analysis of the quality of existing council sites demonstrates that:

• there are three new facilities at Morley, Armley and John Smeaton, Manston provided in the last five years. The remaining facilities vary in age and the assessment of local authority provision indicates that investment is required for many older facilities.

• overall the quality of facilities is insufficient to meet need, with several halls requiring modernisation / replacement.

10.37 The Building Schools for the Future scheme will see significant improvements to the quality of sports halls at schools sites across the city, however, community access remains a subjective issue.

10.38 Holt Park Leisure Centre which was built in 1976 will be replaced by a Well Being Centre in 2013. At present there are no finances identified to replace or refurbish other council provided sports hall facilities.

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10.39 All council leisure centre sites have been assessed for quality using a bespoke assessment which considers multiple quality criteria which contribute to the user experience. A copy of the assessment sheet is at Appendix F All criteria receive a score out of 10 and the overall score for the site is then an average, again out of 10.

Existing average quality for council sites with a sports hall is 5.41 (Fair) Proposed quality standard is 7 (good)

10.40 The proposed standard is recognition that users demand better quality facilities than they are currently receiving. The existing average is artificially skewed by the very high quality of the modern facilities at Armley and Morley. If these two centres are removed from the calculation, the average of the remaining facilities reduced to 4.82 (poor).

Current Provision - Accessibility

10.41 Sport England’s Active Places Power provides data on the accessibility of facilities to different forms of transportation. Table 10.5 below compiles this data for sports halls in Leeds. This analysis assumes that residents can access the nearest facility which is not always the case for education or private facilities.

Table 10.5 Access to Sports Halls in Leeds by Public Transport, Walking and Driving

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10.42 The findings of the household survey and other consultations suggest that there is a divide in opinion between those residents who expect to walk to a sports hall and those who would expect to drive. Sport England Choice and Opportunity indicators suggest that in an urban area, and in order to promote sustainable transport, priority should be given to maximising access to facilities on foot and by public transport.

10.43 Analysis of the Leeds Card user data for 2010/11 reveals that the average distance travelled to access a council sports hall site is 3.9 km. The 75th percentile is 5.1km.

10.44 Table 10.5 shows that when considering access by car, 100% of residents are within a 20 minute drive time of at least one facility. Access to facilities on foot is more limited with 14.68% of residents unable to access a sports hall within a 20 minute walk time.

10.45 In light of the low levels of car ownership in several communities in Leeds, if participation is to increase, local facilities will be required. This was particularly evident in the household survey, which canvasses the views of both users and non users. While the majority of current users drive to a site, the household survey demonstrated that one third of respondents expect to be within walking distance.

Access by public transport and by bike was also important to some residents. 43% of on-street respondents would expect to walk to a sports hall.

10.46 Findings from the household survey demonstrated that for those residents who expected to walk to a facility (33%), the 75th percentile was 20 minutes. For those expecting to drive (52%), the 75th percentile drive time was 15 minutes.

Setting an Accessibility Standard

10.47 It is clear that the majority of residents use cars as their chosen mode of travel to sports halls. However, the needs assessment showed that dense inner urban areas with low levels of car ownership expect to walk.

Recommended Accessibility Standard 15 minutes public transport journey time.

10.48 This reflects the needs assessment results, that residents would expect up to 20 minute travel time. The standard assumes that there will be additional time demands for onward travel by foot and waiting for public transport.

10.49 Despite the needs assessment results demonstrating the preference of a sports hall within 15 minutes walking time of residents, this is unrealistic given the provision cost. Conversely, it would be unsustainable and inequitable to consider the standard in terms of a car drive time. Future provision needs to place increased emphasis on access by sustainable modes of travel.

Applying the Standard

10.50 The public transport accessibility plans have been prepared using Accession software which uses information on the bus and train timetables, routes, bus stop and rail halt locations. Using accession is useful but has limitations. It can provide a broad indication of access by public transport, however, anomalies can arise where there are no public transport routes. In these situations it may be possible to walk to the facility itself in a reasonable time, but this is not shown on the plans.

10.51 Plan 10.2 overleaf illustrates the distribution of existing council sports halls and demonstrates the catchments, based on the proposed access standard. The plan highlights the lack of public transport access for residents in North East Outer around Wetherby, some of whom need to travel for up to one hour to access a council sports hall. Residents in parts of Alwoodley, Shadwell, Adel, Otley, Farnley and Drighlington have to travel up to 30 minutes.


10.52 Analysis of the quantity, quality and accessibility of sports halls indicates that access to facilities is a key issue. Analysis indicates that supply is currently inadequate and unevenly distributed. However, consideration needs to be given to how the council expects users to travel to access facilities.

10.53 The Private Finance Initiative / Building Schools for the Future programme consists of the replacement / refurbishment of 22 schools in the city over a 10 year period, Whilst this is unlikely to increase overall quantitative supply in the short term, it will improve provision of quality sports hall facilities, but public access will be critical in realising the overall vision for delivering wider benefits.

Swimming Pools

10.54 In order to analyse the adequacy of the existing provision of swimming pools across Leeds, consideration has been given to the quantity, quality and access to existing sites.

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10.55 Active Places Power reveals that swimming pool provision is 16 m2 per 1,000 population in Leeds. This compares to 15.49 m2 in the Yorkshire and the Humber Region and 19 m2 nationally. This suggests that provision in Leeds is slightly above the regional average, although falls below national average provision. This includes all facilities, regardless of their age and degree of access to the general public. Tables 10.6 and 10.7 below illustrates the performance of Leeds against other comparable areas and cities. Due to the densely populated Leeds main urban area, the city average appears lower than the national or regional average but as the accessibility data will show later, travel times are reduced.

Table 10.6 Comparison Swimming Pool Provision

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Facilities Planning Model Leeds 2009 (FPM):

10.56 When the FPM models were generated there were 30 swimming pool sites over 20m in length in Leeds which had a capacity (or supply) of 68,968 visits per week, available for community use for all or part of the weekly peak period. The total demand for swimming is projected to be 51,302 visits by 2014. This takes into account an increase in participation rate of 1% per annum between 2009 to 2014.

The capacity of the 30 Leeds sites is 8,488 sq metres of water.

10.57 Total capacity for swimming in Leeds in 2014 is estimated to exceed total demand by some 17,666 visits per week (baseline Facilities Planning Model). Total demand for swimming in Leeds in 2014, represents some 74.3% of total swimming pool capacity. (using a comfort level, pools are determined to be full when they reach around 70% of their capacity). This does not take into account demand for pool space by users who are not resident in Leeds or exported demand by Leeds residents to other authorities. When these factors are considered the model calculates that the average level of pool usage by 2015 will be 71.8%. Pools are estimated to be just over the “pools full” comfort level of 70% of used capacity.

However, this does assume an increase in participation up to 2014, which was the base year used for reporting the findings.

Table 10.8 Swimming Pool Provision in Leeds by Analysis Area

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