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«United States Department of State Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs International Narcotics Control Strategy Report ...»

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On October 29, 2010, a multi-national DEA operation led to the seizure of $55.9 million in heroin at four clandestine laboratories located in Nangarhar Province, Afghanistan. The nearly one metric ton of narcotics was seized as a result of a large-scale joint narcotics enforcement operation by DEA, Afghan, and Russian anti-drug agents in Afghanistan. In addition to 932 kilograms of heroin and 156 kilograms of opium seized, the following precursor chemicals and materials were also confiscated: 10 liters of acetic anhydride, 15 kilograms of ammonium chloride, 10 kilograms of soda ash, 40 kilograms of charcoal, two mechanical heroin presses, three metal industrial cooking vats, and 500 feet of plas An investigation into the drug trafficking organization responsible for operating the clandestine heroin labs is ongoing.

INCSR 2011 Volume 1 Drug Enforcement Administration

DEA has also targeted major shadow facilitators that support narco-terrorists around the


In September 2007, SOD initiated Operation Relentless, targeting notorious Russian arms trafficker Viktor BOUT and his large-scale transportation network which operated extensively in Africa. On March 6, 2008, the Thai Police, in cooperation with DEA, arrested Viktor BOUT in Thailand. After working with Thai authorities to arrest BOUT, however, the U.S. extradition effort was unexpectedly denied by a Thai judge in mid-August 2009.

The judge in Bangkok stated that the FARC is not deemed a terrorist organization in Thailand, as it is in the U.S., and political offences are not covered by a U.S.-Thai extradition treaty.

On February 17, 2010, Preet Bharara, the U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York, and Michele M. Leonhart, the Acting Administrator of the DEA, announced the unsealing of another indictment against international arms dealer Viktor BOUT and his associate Richard Ammar CHICHAKLI, for allegedly conspiring to violate the International Emergency Economic Powers Act stemming from their efforts to purchase two aircraft from companies located in the United States, in violation of economic sanctions which prohibited such financial transactions. The unsealed indictment also charged BOUT and CHICHAKLI with money laundering conspiracy, wire fraud conspiracy and six separate counts of wire fraud, in connection with these financial transactions.

On August 20, 2010, a Thai court ruled in favor of extraditing Viktor BOUT to the United States to face trial on the original four terrorism charges.

On November 16, 2010, after more than two years of legal proceedings, alleged international arms dealer Viktor BOUT was extradited to the Southern District of New York from Thailand to stand trial on terrorism charges, On-Going Operations Operation Broken Bridge—The objective of Operation Broken Bridge is to disrupt suspect aircraft flown from Venezuela and Colombia to the Dominican Republic, and to further dismantle DTOs which employ air drops over water and land and landings in the Dominican Republic to move narcotics to markets in the U.S. Participating elements include the DEA, Caribbean Field Division, Joint Interagency Task Force-South, Customs Border Patrol, host nation law enforcement and military support, and the intelligence community. Seizure statistics for Operation Broken Bridge through Fiscal Year 2010 include 3,114 kilograms of cocaine, two vehicles, 15 arrests, several weapons and $1,799,092 in U.S. currency.

Operation Bahamas and Turks and Caicos (OPBAT)—OPBAT is the largest and oldest cooperative effort overseas by any government involved in drug enforcement. This DEA led initiative also includes the participation of the U.S. Coast Guard, Department of Homeland Security, and Department of State. On the Bahamian and Turks and Caicos side, counterparts include the Royal Bahamas and Turks and Caicos Police Forces. Cumulative OPBAT statistics through the 4th quarter of Fiscal Year 2010 include seizures of approximately 262 kilograms of cocaine, 91,471 pounds of marijuana, and $614,992 in U.S. currency, as well as 53 arrests.

Operation Panama Express—Operation Panama Express is a joint operation designed to disrupt and dismantle major maritime drug smuggling organizations operating from the Pacific and Caribbean coasts of Colombia. The operation is conducted by DEA and several other federal, state, and local law enforcement authorities, including the Joint Inter-Agency Task Force. From 2000 through October 2010, as a result of Operation Panama Express, 637 metric tons of cocaine have been seized, 236 metric tons of cocaine have been destroyed when vessels

INCSR 2011 Volume 1 Drug Enforcement Administration

carrying these illicit drugs were scuttled by their crews to avoid capture or when the boats were sunk by law enforcement. 1,923 individuals have been arrested during Operation Panama Express.

Operation Windjammer—Operation Windjammer was structured to assist DEA and host nation counterparts, in pursuing priority targets and/or significant narcotics traffickers impacting the U.S. via Jamaica. Cumulative statistics through the 4th quarter of Fiscal Year 2010, resulting from the success of Operation Windjammer, include the seizure of 926.9 kilograms of marijuana, $53,744.97 in currency as well as 19 arrests.

Operation Esperanza—Operation Esperanza is the single most productive bilateral drug law enforcement project within DEA‘s international operations in the Western Hemisphere. It has become the technological cornerstone of DEA‘s technical Program in Colombia and has proven to be an extremely important tool for the U.S. Government and the Government of Colombia in protecting national security and combating drug trafficking, terrorism, and other illegal activities.

Operation Southern Fury – Operation Southern Fury is a DEA campaign plan for counter narcotics investigations and operations in southern Afghanistan. This operation assists DEA personnel in identifying and prioritizing DEA objectives for investigations, operations, programs, and initiatives phased over the next twelve months. This campaign is meant to be fully coordinated and synchronized with the U.S. whole-of-government effort, as well as the U.S. military and International Security Assistance Forces campaign plans.

Coordinate Counternarcotics Intelligence Gathering Centers for Drug Information Program This DEA-managed initiative facilitates information sharing among foreign law enforcement counterparts in the countries it serves. The information is made available to the participants via the internet. It became operational during June 2003 with 41 participating countries and protectorates located throughout the Caribbean, Mexico, Central America, and South America.

The user base has since expanded to over 400 users in 58 countries that include a South Central Asia regional center in Kabul, Afghanistan, a Southeast Asia regional center in Bangkok, Thailand and a West Africa regional center in Accra, Ghana. An automated on-line language translation feature (English, Spanish, French, and Portuguese) serves to minimize language barriers for a majority of the participants. Discussions continue in regards to expansion to Europe and additional countries in Southeast Asia and the continent of Africa.

Conduct Training Programs for Host Nation Police Agencies

International Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA) Training Programs :

The ILEA program was established by the U.S. Department of State in 1995. Currently, there are four ILEAs operating in Budapest, Hungary; Bangkok, Thailand; Gaborone, Botswana; and San Salvador, El Salvador. A new facility has also begun operations in Lima Peru. ILEAs offer a program of mid-career leadership training for regional police and other enforcement officers, as well as specific training programs arranged in accordance with regional interests. DEA's role is to provide counter narcotics course instruction and best practices for the core supervisory sessions, as well as specialized training courses at the ILEAs.

DEA's International Training Section (TRI) also provides one-week of counter narcotics training at each of the five annual eight-week sessions of law enforcement training at the ILEA in Budapest, Hungary. Twenty-six countries from Central Asia, Eastern Europe, and the former Soviet Union participate in ILEA Budapest training.

INCSR 2011 Volume 1 Drug Enforcement Administration

DEA holds the directorship at the ILEA in Bangkok, Thailand. The ILEA Bangkok core program of instruction is the six-week Supervisory Criminal Investigator Course (SCIC). TRI provides seven days of instruction during the SCIC for 14 countries from Southeast Asia. DEA also offers several specialized courses at ILEA Bangkok.

ILEA Gaborone training includes a six-week supervisor's course, the Law Enforcement Executive Development and a number of specialized courses. ILEA Gaborone conducts training for 23 eligible southern African countries. TRI provides four days of counter narcotics training at each of the four annual sessions.

TRI provides five days of instruction at each of the four annual Law Enforcement Management Development Program sessions, as well as several specialized courses. ILEA San Salvador also conducts specialized training courses at an alternate training venue, a Regional Training Center in Lima, Peru. ILEA San Salvador provides training of law enforcement officials from 30 participating Latin American countries.

Bilateral Training Programs:

DEA offers both in-country and regional training programs conducted by mobile training teams.

In-country programs are seminars conducted in a host country and only include participants from that country. Regional training is designed to bring together a combination of participants from a number of countries sharing common drug trafficking issues or routes. An advance pre-school planning and assessment trip is conducted by a training team member to design each school to the specific requirements of the students registered for the courses. In FY 2010, DEA conducted bilateral training seminars funded by INL for approximately 130 participants from four countries.

Asset Forfeiture/Money Laundering Training Programs:

Each Asset Forfeiture Money Laundering Training Program is customized depending upon the country‘s needs and the level of law enforcement development. In FY 2010, TRI provided training to foreign officers on asset forfeiture and money laundering in order to enhance financial investigations of international drug trafficking and narco-terrorist organizations. During FY 2010, an approximate total of 146 participants from 11 countries were trained. Approximately 41 Chilean law enforcement officials received training to date in November 2010. The training emphasized techniques for conducting financial investigations such as the use of the internet and computer forensics; international banking; shell corporations, financial intelligence analysis, development and utilization of financial informants; terrorist financing; practical applications.

Each session included case studies. Additionally Attorney General Exempted Operations (AGEO), U.S. forfeiture law and international asset forfeiture sharing and cooperation were covered. The training has resulted in improved investigative skills and an increase in joint DEA investigations that target significant international drug trafficking and narco-terrorist organizations.

Inte rnational Asset Airport Interdiction Training:

In FY 2010, TRI continued to conduct Airport Interdiction Training as part of the Asset Forfeiture Program. The goal of this training is to educate members of foreign law enforcement about techniques for interdiction in transportation environments, especially as they relate to money launderers and the bulk shipment of currency. During FY 2010, an approximate total of 129 participants from six countries were trained.

Inte rnational Narcotics Enforcement Management Se minar (INEMS) Program:

The INEMS is a two-week program. The TRI section of DEA in the U.S. conducts the INEMS principally for upper-level law enforcement managers of foreign operational drug units. In

INCSR 2011 Volume 1 Drug Enforcement Administration

addition to management concepts, the supervisors are exposed to the current and innovative enforcement techniques used by DEA and other U.S. enforcement agencies. Each country trainee group is required to present an overview of the narcotics situation in their home country.

Currently TRI is planning to conduct an INEMS in FY 2011. An INEMS was not conducted in FY 2010; however two iterations were conducted during FY 2009, which trained 30 participants from 21 countries.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)-Russia Council Counter Narcotics

Training Project:

DEA provides mobile training teams to support the NATO-Russia Council (NRC) Training Project on Counter Narcotics training of Afghan and Central Asian personnel. This project is implemented by the UNODC and supported by Central Command funds. In FY 2010, TRI led efforts to provide basic drug enforcement training, tactical training, and practical training to approximately 23 law enforcement counterparts in Tajikistan. This program has enabled DEA to develop strong law enforcement partnerships and promote an understanding of the regional and global effects drug trafficking has on neighboring countries. DEA serves as the only U.S.

representation by providing instructors in support of the NRC Program. The NRC Program provides training for Central Asia and the surrounding region of Afghanistan. The other members of the NRC are: Russia, Italy, Finland, and Turkey. There are four iterations pending for NRC participating countries throughout FY 2011, two for Russia and two for Kazakhstan.

Inte rnational Training—Mexican Federal Police: Secretaria de Seguridad Publica (SSP) Training:

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