WWW.ABSTRACT.DISLIB.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Abstracts, online materials
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 8 | 9 || 11 | 12 |   ...   | 137 |

«United States Department of State Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs International Narcotics Control Strategy Report ...»

-- [ Page 10 ] --

To counter the cocaine flow across the Atlantic Ocean into Africa and Europe, the Coast Guard continues to work with U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) to expand maritime training and operations for West African countries. In FY 2010, both the USCGC MOHAWK and the USS JOHN L. HALL with an embarked USCG LEDET conducted joint training, surveillance and law enforcement operations off West Africa. During these operations MOHAWK embarked law enforcement teams from Sierra Leone, Nigeria and Senegal to conduct training and assist in their efforts to suppress illicit transnational maritime activity. These efforts continue to help African nations to gain control of their jurisdictional waters by maritime domain awareness as they attempt to thwart the growing threat from DTOs and other transnational criminals.

A previously established trilateral maritime counterdrug initiative between the United States, Colombia and Ecuador has matured into a semi-annual multilateral maritime counterdrug enforcement coordination INCSR 2011 Volume 1 U.S. Coast Guard summit, which now includes Panama, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Mexico. The seventh and eighth Multilateral Summit (held in Panama City, Panama and San Diego, California respectively in 2010) gave participants the opportunity to share, exchange, and improve ―best practices,‖ and to think creatively about employing new tactics, techniques, and procedures to counter drug trafficking organizations.

International Training and Technical Assistance:

In FY 2010, the USCG provided International Training and Technical Assistance in support of drug

interdiction programs through a variety of support efforts:

The USCG Technical Assistance Field Team (TAFT) provided engineering expertise, vessel assessments, and major repair contracting services to the maritime services of the countries in the Eastern Caribbean‘s Regional Security System (RSS). USCG ships conducted training and technical assistance in conjunction with normal operations in several countries to encourage operational cooperation The USCG‘s Security Assistance Program offers a progression of one-to-two-week mobile training teams (MTTs) to partner nation maritime services around the world to help advance the capability of their naval and coast guard forces to patrol their territorial waters. Courses include Maritime Law Enforcement (MLE), Boarding and Advanced Boarding Officer, Joint MLE Boarding, MLE Instructor, Basic and Advanced Port Security/ Port Vulnerability, Waterside Port Security, and Small Boat Operations/Maintenance Courses. In FY 2010, the USCG deployed 108 MTTs to 48 countries.

Individual students also receive instruction in USCG resident training programs in the United States.

These students develop a broad range of skills from boat handling and boat and engine repair to senior officer leadership training. In FY 2010, 66 partner nations enrolled students in 308 resident courses at USCG training installations.

INCSR 2011 Volume 1 Chemical Controls

U.S. Customs and Border Protection The Department of Homeland Security‘s U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) processes all goods, vehicles, and people entering and exiting the United States. CBP officers intercept narcotics and other contraband, improperly classified merchandise, unlicensed technology and material, weapons, ammunition, fugitives, undocumented immigrants, and unreported currency at America‘s 331 international ports of entry.

Since its creation in its current organizational structure in 2003, CBP is also charged with the border regulatory functions of passport control and agriculture inspections in order to provide comprehensive, seamless border control services. This division of responsibilities is intended to simplify border security operations and is termed: "One face at the border." Of current importance is CBP‘s role in protecting the borders of the United States from the introduction of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and terrorists.

CBP also maintains its position as the nation‘s first line of defense against the introduction of narcotics and dangerous drugs from foreign sources.

CBP Representatives and Attachés CBP deploys a growing network of Attachés and Representatives who serve abroad in U.S. Embassies and consulates. These personnel work closely with CBP‘s foreign counterparts in the on-going effort to counter drug-smuggling. Attachés have a broad mandate, ranging from enforcement and investigative activities on behalf of CBP to serving as delegates in such groups as the Shared Border Accords Coordinating Committee (SBACC) in Canada. They also exchange expert information, improving the effectiveness of law enforcement activity, policies, and resources relating to border enforcement. Their efforts help to ensure that enforcement cooperation is seamless across borders and that the battle against smuggling is effective.

International Training and Assistance In 2010, CBP Office of International Affairs (INA) provided technical training and assistance in support of the International Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA) programs currently operating in Bangkok, Budapest, Gaborone, San Salvador, and Lima. CBP supported ILEA programs by developing and conducting core and specialized training on a variety of topics, including: Land Border Interdiction;

Contraband Concealment Techniques; International Controlled Deliveries and Drug Investigations (conducted jointly with the Drug Enforcement Administration); Complex Financial Investigations (conducted jointly with Immigration and Customs Enforcement); and Customs Forensics Lab capabilities and techniques.





The CBP Field Operations Academy (FOA) supports International Training on two fronts: conducting Academy tours for foreign dignitaries and aiding various training missions abroad. Internationally, the FOA has assisted training in Egypt, Iraq, Afghanistan, Georgia, Ukraine, Lithuania, Estonia, Dominican Republic, and Honduras in support of drug interdiction efforts. Additionally, the FOA has conducted numerous briefings/tours of its facilities in the U.S. for the benefit of visiting foreign Customs and Border groups. Dignitaries from Kazakhstan, Bahrain, and Saudi Arabia were recently shown a variety of venues and scenarios, which included drug interdiction instruction.

Port Security Initiatives CBP implements a multi-layered, risk-based enforcement strategy designed to maximize security without causing economic disruption to U.S. trade. This strategy encompasses the following security programs in

the maritime environment:

 The ―24-Hour‖ Manifest Rule INCSR 2011 Volume 1 Chemical Controls  Container Security Initiative (CSI)  Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT)  Use of Non-Intrusive Inspection (NII) Technology  Automated Targeting System (ATS)  National Targeting Center for Cargo (NTC-C)  Importer Security Filing ―10+2‖:

CSI, announced in January 2002, addresses the threat to border security and global trade posed by the potential for terrorist use of a maritime container. This Initiative institutes a security regime to ensure that all containers posing a potential risk for terrorism are identified and inspected at foreign ports before they are placed on vessels destined for the United States. U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) stations teams of U.S. officers in foreign ports to work together with host foreign government counterparts to develop additional investigative leads related to the terrorist threat to cargo destined for the United States and to identify potentially high-risk shipments. Over 80% of maritime containerized cargo destined for the United States originates in or transits through a CSI port and is screened prior to being laden aboard a U.S. bound vessel. CSI is currently operational in fifty-eight (58) ports.

Customs Mutual Assistance Agreements:

CBP is the lead negotiator of Customs Mutual Assistance Agreements (CMAAs). CMAAs are negotiated with foreign governments and provide for mutual assistance in the enforcement of customs-related laws.

Under the provisions of U.S. CMAAs, CBP provides assistance to its foreign counterparts, and receives assistance from them in the exchange of information that facilitates the enforcement of each country‘s laws. The Agreements have a high level of flexibility that allow parties to quickly communicate concerns and requests to each other. Recent CMAA negotiations were held with Switzerland, Jamaica, and Algeria. The Algerian CMAA was signed in early 2010.

International Visitors Program:

The State Department‘s International Visitors Program (IVP) can provide an opportunity for foreign customs officials and other foreign officials working on contraband enforcement issues to consult with their U.S. counterparts and appropriate high level managers in CBP Headquarters. International visitors can also participate in on-site tours of selected U.S. ports and field sites to observe actual CBP operations.

The objectives of this program are:

To demonstrate CBP‘s efforts to prevent terrorists and terrorist weapons from entering the United States.

To show how such U.S. programs as the Container Security Initiative can extend U.S. borders by encouraging layered security that clearly benefits the U.S. and the cooperating countries.

To offer foreign decision makers the opportunity to discuss and explore with CBP experts finding a balance between legitimate trade and travel and the need for reinforced security.

To build international relationships and cooperation in support of global security through the use of consistent security standards worldwide.

To support international capacity building programs, and encourage the introduction of new, more effective methods and techniques.

In FY11 through January, IVP made arrangements for 518 visits for 3117 visitors. These visits were sponsored by the Department of State, Department of Defense, and U.S. Coast Guard, various State National Guard Units, U.S. Embassies and other components of the Department of Homeland Security.

INCSR 2011 Volume 1 Chemical Controls

Port of Entry Interdiction Training:

The correct approach to border interdiction varies with border environments, i.e., land (IBIT), seaport (ISIT), rail (IRIT) and airport (IACIT). Training has been designed for the problems encountered and interdiction techniques useful for each type of operation. Each training class is normally five days in duration and is comprised of interactive classroom discussion and practical exercises using actual CBP border facilities. In addition to port of entry operations, CBP provides training in techniques used by smugglers who do not use official ports of entry to cross borders, but who attempt to smuggle contraband in lightly patrolled border crossing zones.

International Bulk Currency Smuggling:

With an increased enforcement focus on money laundering, organized criminals and terrorists have turned to bulk cash smuggling to move valuables across borders. Bulk Currency Smuggling training assists foreign government enforcement personnel in identifying techniques used by bulk currency smugglers.

Further, it helps them to design and implement programs to counter that threat, resulting in seizures of millions of dollars in the proceeds of crime.

Training in Host Countries Overseas Enforcement Training: The curriculum includes Border Enforcement Training, Supply Chain Security, Detection, Interdiction and Investigation; Concealment Methods, Bulk Currency Smuggling, False and Fraudulent Documents, Train-the-Trainer, Anti-Corruption, Targeting and Risk Management, Hazardous Materials, and X-ray Systems. These courses can also be conducted at foreign ports of entry.

They include both basic training and refresher training/mentoring abroad for graduates of training at U.S port facilities. Training combines formal classroom and field exercises. Although many courses focus on counter proliferation and terrorism, courses cover the gamut of issues faced by CBP and our foreign border control counterparts, including narcotics interdiction. CBP hopes that participation in this training will assist in establishing regional and global associations of border control officials who share concerns about transnational criminal networks and who will cooperate in their dismantling.

CHEMICAL CONTROLS

–  –  –

2010 Trends Chemicals play two essential roles in the production of illegal drugs: as starting chemical inputs for the production of synthetic drugs such as methamphetamine and MDMA (3,4methylenedioxmethamphetamine more commonly known under the name of ecstasy); and as refining agents and solvents for processing plant-based materials such as coca and opium poppy into drugs such as cocaine and heroin. Chemicals used in synthetic drug production are known as ―precursor‖ chemicals because they become incorporated into the drug product and are less likely to be substituted by other chemicals. Chemicals used to refine and process plant-based drugs are referred to as ―essential‖ chemicals and can be readily replaced by other chemicals with similar properties. Both sets of chemicals are often referred to as ―precursor chemicals and for the sake of brevity, this term is used interchangeably for both categories throughout this report.

In 2010 the United States and other nations continued to focus on preventing diversion of precursor chemicals. International partners redoubled their efforts to target chemicals used in methamphetamine production as well as continued to target those used in in heroin and cocaine. Regional and multilateral cooperative efforts are critical in this regard. The result has been to force traffickers to use non-traditional routes and methods. These efforts built on a variety of bilateral, regional and multilateral mechanisms, such as the United Nations and the Organization of American States.

Methamphetamine. Global abuse of amphetamines increased in every region of the world with the exception of parts of Western Europe where authorities believe that it may have stabilized. For the first time in several years, methamphetamine use may have increased—although only slightly—in the United States. Moreover, production of methamphetamine continues to rise in this hemisphere as well as in Asia.



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 8 | 9 || 11 | 12 |   ...   | 137 |


Similar works:

«Judicial Precedent: The Supreme Court & The Court of Appeal By the end of this unit you should be able to explain [AO1]  How the Supreme Court can avoid precedent by using the Practice statement  How the Court of Appeal can avoid precedent by using Young  The general approach to precedent by both of the superior courts You should also be able to evaluate [AO2]:  Whether the lower courts should have more power to avoid the precedent of the higher courts (the ‘Denning’ argument)...»

«HAMILTON www.hamilton-recruitment.com RECRUITMENT Living & working offshore: A guide for lawyers Bermuda | BVI | Cayman HAMILTON RECRUITMENT www.hamilton-recruitment.com Page-1 HAMILTON www.hamilton-recruitment.com RECRUITMENT Introduction The leading offshore financial centres of Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands and the Cayman Islands share the characteristics of low tax, a common law legal system, the benefits of a Caribbean-style climate and proximity to the United States. In recent...»

«Making Safeguarding Personal: Guide 2014 Health, adult social care and ageing │ Guide Authors: Jane Lawson Sue Lewis Cathie Williams 2 Making Safeguarding Personal: Guide 2014 Making Safeguarding Personal Guide Introduction and context This guide is intended to support councils and their partners to develop outcomes-focused, person-centred safeguarding practice. It was originally drafted to support the 53 councils who signed up to Making Safeguarding Personal (MSP) in 2013/14. It has been...»

«ADMINISTRATIVE DETENTION OF MIGRANTS Introduction1 I. Migrants are particularly vulnerable to deprivation of liberty. On the one hand violations of immigration regulations are often criminalized and punished severely, in an attempt to discourage irregular migration2. Undocumented and irregular migrants therefore become particularly vulnerable to criminal detention, which is punitive in nature, for such infractions as irregularly crossing the State border, using false documents, leaving their...»

«ABA Commission on Ethics 20/20 Introduction and Overview The ABA Commission on Ethics 20/20 respectfully submits to the House of Delegates the accompanying Resolutions and Reports. They are the product of a three-year study of how globalization and technology are transforming the practice of law and how the regulation of lawyers should be updated in light of those developments. As we neared the end of our work, we decided that, to better facilitate the House of Delegates’ consideration of the...»

«Australian Cases The PPSA has been considered judicially in Australia. In summary, the cases have concerned competing priority claims in relation to leased motor vehicles; retention of title clauses and the transitional provisions; and orders under the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) regarding the vesting of PPSA security interests if collateral is not registered within time. The PPSA has also been referred to judicially in the context of the interpretation and application of other legal...»

«No securities regulatory authority has expressed an opinion about these securities and it is an offence to claim otherwise. This short form prospectus constitutes a public offering of securities only in those jurisdictions where such securities may be lawfully offered for sale and therein only by persons permitted to sell such securities. The securities offered hereby have not been and will not be registered under the United States Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “U.S. Securities...»

«The Board Giveth, and the Board Taketh Away By Gregory B. Robertson & Kurt G. Larkin AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION COMMITTEE ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE LAW UNDER THE NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS ACT 2013 MIDWINTER MEETING California Dreamin’ (On Such a Mid-Winter’s Day) Topic: All the Leaves are Brown and the Sky is Gray.Because My Dues Check-Off Agreement Went Away Dues Checkoff: The Board Giveth, and the Board Taketh Away By Gregory B. Robertson & Kurt G. Larkin Summary: This paper provides an...»

«BILLING CODE: 4810-AM-P BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION 12 CFR Part 1075 [Docket No.: CFPB-2013-0011] RIN 3170-AA38 Consumer Financial Civil Penalty Fund Rule AGENCY: Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank Act or Act) establishes a “Consumer Financial Civil Penalty Fund” (Civil Penalty Fund) into which the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) must deposit any civil...»

«Ratio Juris. Vol. 23 No. 2 June 2010 (229–57) Dichotomies and Oppositions in Legal Argumentation*r aju_452 229.257 FABRIZIO MACAGNO AND DOUGLAS WALTON Abstract. In this paper we use a series of examples to show how oppositions and dichotomies are fundamental in legal argumentation, and vitally important to be aware of, because of their twofold nature. On the one hand, they are argument structures underlying various kinds of rational argumentation commonly used in law as a means of getting to...»

«Tennessee Child Support Program FAQs for Employers/Payers of Income Income Withholding Order for Support (IWO) 1. What is an Income Withholding Order (IWO)? The Income Withholding Order contains the procedures that employers and payers of income must follow to implement an Order/Notice to Withhold Income for Child Support for an employee/income recipient whose principal place of employment is Tennessee. Withholding support in accordance with the Notice/Order shall have priority over any other...»

«Mainboard User’s Manual This publication, including all photographs, illustrations and software, is protected under international copyright laws, with all rights reserved. Neither this manual, nor any of the material contained herein, may be reproduced without written consent of the author. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. The manufacturer makes no representations or warranties with respect to the contents hereof and specifically disclaims any implied...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2017 www.abstract.dislib.info - Abstracts, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.