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«Transparency Report for Financial Year 2012/2013 KPMG Accountants B.V. December 2013 Introduction The European Eighth Company Law Directive ...»

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Audit Learning and Development steering groups at the global, regional and local levels identify annual technical training priorities for development and delivery using a blend of classroom, elearning and virtual classroom. Audit Learning and Development teams’ work with subject experts and leaders from GSC, the International Standards Group (ISG) and Department of Professional Practice (DPP) to ensure the training is of the highest quality, relevant to performance on the job and is delivered on a timely basis.

3.5.2 Accreditation and licensing All KPMG professionals comply with applicable professional license rules in the jurisdiction where they practice.

Our firm is responsible for ensuring that audit professionals working on engagements have appropriate audit, accounting and industry knowledge and experience in the local predominant financial reporting framework. We have accreditation requirements for many of our services (including for US audit and accounting work, International Financial Reporting Standards, Transactions Services and Corporate Finance services) which ensure that only partners and employees with the appropriate training and experience are assigned to clients and are appropriately licensed where necessary.

Our firm is requires that all Audit professionals are also required to maintain accreditation with their professional bodies and satisfy the Continuing Professional Development requirements of such bodies (at a minimum, professionals comply with IESBA requirements. Our policies and procedures are designed to ensure that those individuals that require a license to undertake their work are appropriately licensed.

© 2013 KPMG Accountants B.V. is a Curaçao limited liability company with branches elsewhere and a member firm of the KPMG network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved. Printed in Curaçao.

3.5.3 Access to specialist networks Our engagement teams have access to a network of local and global specialists in KPMG member firms. Engagement partners are responsible for ensuring that their engagement teams have the appropriate resources and skills.

The need for specialists (e.g. Information Technology, Tax, Treasury, Pensions, Forensic) to be assigned to a specific audit engagement is considered as part of the audit engagement acceptance and continuance process.

3.5.4 Consultation Internal consultation is a fundamental contributor to quality and is mandated in certain circumstances and always encouraged.

Our firm provides appropriate consultation support through professional practice resources that include a Department of Professional Practice (‘DPP’) or equivalent, which is made up of senior professionals with extensive experience of audit, reporting and risk management.

Across our firm, the Role of DPP is crucial in terms of the support that it provides to the Audit Function. It provides technical guidance to client service professionals on specific engagement related matters develops and disseminates specific topic related guidance on emerging local technical and professional issues and disseminates international guidance on IFRS and ISAs.

To assist audit engagement professionals in addressing difficult or contentious matters, we have established protocols for consultation and documentation of significant accounting and auditing matters, including procedures to facilitate resolution of differences of opinion on engagement issues.

Consultation with a team member at a higher level of responsibility than either of the differing parties usually resolves such differences. In other circumstances, the matter may be elevated through the chain of responsibility for resolution by technical specialists. In exceptional circumstances, a matter may be referred to the Head of Audit, Head of Quality and Risk (or appropriate nationally qualified delegates) or ultimately the national senior partner (or appropriate nationally qualified delegates).

Technical support available to our firm also includes the International Standards Group (ISG) as well as (for work on SEC foreign registrants) the U.S. Capital Markets Group based in New York.

The ISG works with Global IFRS and ISA topic teams with geographic representation from around the world to promote consistency of interpretation of IFRS between member firms, identify emerging issues and develop global guidance on a timely basis. The ISG has a network of contacts and holds regular calls both in relation to auditing and IFRS to update country professional practice representatives.

© 2013 KPMG Accountants B.V. is a Curaçao limited liability company with branches elsewhere and a member firm of the KPMG network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved. Printed in Curaçao.

3.5.5 Developing business understanding and industry knowledge A key part of engagement quality is having a detailed understanding of the client’s business and industry.

For significant industries global audit sector leads are appointed to support the provision of relevant industry information to audit professionals. A key element of this industry information is the provision of industry knowledge within eAudIT. This knowledge comprises examples of industry audit procedures and other information (such as typical risks and accounting processes). In addition industry overviews are available which provide general and business information in respect of particular industries as well as a summary of the industry knowledge provided in eAudIT.

3.6 Performance of effective and efficient audits We understand that how an audit is conducted is as important as the final result. Our drivers of audit quality enhance the quality of the engagement team’s performance during the conduct of every audit.

We expect our people to demonstrate certain key behaviors in the performance of effective and efficient audits. These behaviors are discussed below.

3.6.1 KPMG Audit Process As set out in section 3.3 above, our audit workflow is enabled in eAudIT. The key behaviors that our

auditors apply throughout the audit process to deliver effective and efficient audits are:

timely partner and manager involvement ;

critical assessment of audit evidence;

exercise of professional judgment and professional skepticism ongoing mentoring and on the job coaching, supervision and review;

appropriately supported and documented conclusions;

if relevant, appropriate involvement of the Engagement Quality Control reviewer (EQC review);


insightful, open and honest two-way communication with those charged with governance; and client confidentiality, information security and data privacy.

© 2013 KPMG Accountants B.V. is a Curaçao limited liability company with branches elsewhere and a member firm of the KPMG network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved. Printed in Curaçao. Timely partner and manager involvement To identify and respond to the significant audit risks for each year’s audit, the engagement team requires an understanding of the client’s business, its financial position and the environment in which it operates. The engagement partner is a key participant in the planning meetings, reviews key audit documentation – especially documentation relating to significant risks and key audit judgments – and is responsible for the final audit opinion. The engagement manager assists the partner in these responsibilities and in the day to day liaison with the client and team.

Involvement and leadership from the engagement partner early in the audit process helps set the appropriate scope and tone for the audit and helps the engagement team obtain maximum benefit from the partner’s experience and skill. Timely involvement of the engagement partner at other stages of the engagement allows the engagement partner to identify and appropriately address matters important to the engagement, including critical areas of judgment, significant risks and other areas the engagement partner considers important. Critical assessment of audit evidence with emphasis on professional skepticism We consider all audit evidence obtained during the course of the audit, including consideration of conflicting or missing evidence. The nature and extent of the audit evidence we gather is responsive to the assessed risks. We recognize that audit evidence obtained from external sources tends to be more persuasive. The analysis of the audit evidence requires each of our team members to exercise professional judgment and maintain professional skepticism to obtain sufficient appropriate audit evidence.

Professional skepticism involves a questioning mind and alertness to inconsistencies in evidence.

Professional skepticism features prominently throughout auditing standards and receives significant focus from regulators. Our Audit Quality Framework emphasizes the importance of maintaining an attitude of professional skepticism throughout the audit.

We have developed a professional judgment process that provides audit professionals with a structured approach to making judgments, which has skepticism at its heart and recognizes the need to consider alternatives and to consider conflicting as well as confirming evidence.

© 2013 KPMG Accountants B.V. is a Curaçao limited liability company with branches elsewhere and a member firm of the KPMG network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved. Printed in Curaçao. Ongoing mentoring and on the job coaching, supervision and review We understand that skills build over time and through exposure to different experiences. To invest in the building of the skills and capabilities of our professionals, without compromising on quality, we use a continuous learning environment. We support a coaching culture throughout KPMG as part of enabling personnel to achieve their full potential.

Supervision during an audit involves tracking the progress of the engagement and the team,


considering the competence and capabilities of the individual members of the engagement team, including whether they have sufficient time to carry out their work, whether they understand their instructions, and whether the work is being carried out in accordance with the planned approach to the engagement;

addressing any significant matters arising during the engagement, considering their significances and modifying the planned approach appropriately; and identifying matters for consultation with more experienced team members during the engagement.

A key part of effective supervision is timely review of the work performed so that significant matters are promptly identified and addressed. Appropriately supported and documented conclusions Audit documentation records the performed audit procedures, evidence obtained and conclusions reached on significant matters on each audit engagement. Our policies require review of documentation by more experienced engagement team members.

Our methodology recognizes that documentation prepared on a timely basis helps to enhance the quality of the audit and facilitates the effective review and evaluation of the audit evidence obtained and conclusions reached before our report is finalized. Teams are required to assemble a complete and final set of audit documentation for retention within an appropriate time period, which is usually not longer than 60 days from the date of the audit report.

Our firm has a formal document retention policy in accordance with the local regulation that governs the period we retain audit documentation and other client-specific records.

© 2013 KPMG Accountants B.V. is a Curaçao limited liability company with branches elsewhere and a member firm of the KPMG network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved. Printed in Curaçao. Appropriate involvement of the Engagement Quality Control reviewer (EQC review) EQC reviewers have appropriate experience and knowledge to perform an objective review of the decisions and judgments made by the audit team. They are experienced audit professionals who are independent of the engagement team. They offer an objective review of the more critical and judgmental elements of the audit.

An EQC reviewer is required to be appointed for the audits of all listed entities and of other engagements identified as high public profile or high risk. Before the member firm issues its audit

report, these individuals review:

selected audit documentation and client communications;

the appropriateness of the financial statements and related disclosures; and the significant judgments the engagement team made and the conclusions it reached with respect to the audit.

The audit is completed only when the EQC reviewer is satisfied that all significant questions raised have been resolved.

We are continually seeking to strengthen and improve the role that the EQC review plays in audits, as this is a fundamental part of the system of audit quality control. We have taken a number of

actions over the last year to reinforce this, including:

Issuing leading practices guidance focusing on reviewer competencies and capabilities and on ongoing support provided to EQC reviewers;

Incorporating specific procedures in eAudit to facilitate effective reviews; Reporting Auditing standards and local applicable legislation largely dictate the format and content of the audit report that includes an opinion on the fair presentation in all material respects of the client’s financial statements. Experienced auditors arrive at all audit opinions, after involvement in and review of the work performed by the audit team.

We provide extensive reporting guidance and technical support to audit partners in preparing audit reports, where there are significant matters to be reported to users of the audit report, either as a qualification to the audit report or through the inclusion of an emphasis of matter paragraph.

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