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«Published Annually Vol. 6, No. 1 ISBN 978-0-979-7593-3-8 CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS Sawyer School of Business, Suffolk University, Boston, Massachusetts ...»

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India’s rural innovators have proved that ordinary people are indeed capable of extraordinary inventions. Despite many constraints-lack of education and severe cash crunch- most of them have succeeded in using technology cost-effectively to build ingenious products. (Reify) A washing-cum-exercise machine, hand operated water lifting device, portable smokeless stove, automatic food making machine, solar mosquito killer, shock proof converter, a floating toilet soap are few of the products on display at the exhibition of grassroots innovations at the President’s house. The exhibition has been hosted at the President’s house since 2010, as the President wished to give grass roots innovators, a platform to showcase their amazing innovations.

The exhibition is organized by the National Innovation Foundation (NIF), a grant-in-aid institute under the Department of Science and Technology (DST) set up in February 2000.

The mission of NIF is to make India a global leader in sustainable technologies by building upon genius of grassroots technological innovators and traditional knowledge holders.

Conference papers © Knowledge Globalization Institute, Pune, India, 2012 Suggested approach to raise the innovation level But to do all this and to be innovative, besides government regulations, incentives and encouragement the potential innovators need to change their mind set, Business landscape is littered with failed idea, products and ventures with too much passion and not enough clarity, focus and action to implement and to execute.

Passion must be harnessed and directed into action, focus, implementation and execution. All of this really means that you need to make a long-term commitment. To live through highs and lows and not to lose heart and not to GIVE UP. In short, be persistent and show COMMITMENT. See it to the end and be a leader to get there.

Actually, passion carried too far and not balanced by reality and practicality can destroy a venture.

Too much passion is boring as it boxes you in. Balance is good.

We must remember that success is a journey, not a destination. There are many aspects to success; material wealth is only one component. Success in life and business could be defined as the continued expansion of happiness and the progressive realization of worthy goals. Success is the ability to fulfill the desires with effortless ease, with enjoyment and does not have to be at the cost of others. A more balanced approach is needed to achieve success and affluence. With a balanced approach, we can put ourselves in harmony with nature and can be creative with care freeness, joy, and love.

Success also includes good health, energy, and enthusiasm for life, creative freedom, emotional and psychological stability, and a sense of well being and peace of mind. The source of all creation is the mind. Fitness – mental, emotional, intellectual, spiritual and physical - plays a very important role in our success.

Some of the most intricate knots of the mysteries of life are bound up in leadership. It is not easy to lead but lead one must. To lead one must create and innovate to come up with new approaches for new products, growth and strategy. Leadership starts with innovation.

What has laughter (meditation) got do with learning, entrepreneurship and innovation?

A lot.

Laughter is the shortest form of meditation and helps to focus the mind.

Using the age-old and proven techniques of Laughter, Yoga and Meditation, it is possible to get into the “mindset” where the ideas rush forth and answers to the difficult questions emerge from the sub-conscious Turning thoughts into Innovation and Creativity Laughter is the art and science of “letting go”. And it is necessary to let go if one wants to be a good, creative, innovative leader.

Use of these techniques (MindSpace) helps to:

1. Clear the mind and the rest just follows

2. Increase brain wave activity.

3. Develop sharper focus, smarter decisions, peak performance

4. Optimize concentration

5. Refocus the mind to eliminate the buzz

6. Give your psyche a “time-out” Conference papers © Knowledge Globalization Institute, Pune, India, 2012 Use of different forms of Laughter yoga and meditation create changes in central nervous system that produce calm and clarity It is not difficult to laugh without a reason: Self-induced, stimulated laughter can easily be converted into real laughter when you do it in a group. Laughter is infectious, and it spreads when you laugh in company. Still hesitant and wonder how to laugh without reason? Best advice: “FAKE IT TILL YOU MAKE IT” Laughter, Meditation and Brain Waves When you drop a small stone in water, you see waves. Similarly our heart and our brain have wave patterns. The wave pattern of the heart is measured by ECG (electro cardiograph). The brain waves are measured by EEG (electro encephalograph).

Using the brain wave studies, scientists have discovered that our brain waves are of four types. The brain waves also have peaks that are similar to the peaks we see in water waves. The number of times the peak appears in one second is called "cycles per second". (Brain and Health)

–  –  –

This brain wave indicates that your conscious mind is in control. It indicates a mental state of logical thought, analysis, and action. You are alert and awake talking, speaking, doing, solving problems, etc.

–  –  –

This brain wave indicates relaxation and meditation. It is a state of relaxed alertness good for inspiration, learning facts fast.

–  –  –

Deep dreamless sleep. Deep relaxation.

Left-brain and right brain working together Usually the left-brain and the right brain waves are independent. They reach peaks independent of each other. During meditation and deep relaxation, the left brain waves and the right brain waves happen together. For both, the peaks are reached together. This is called synchronization. Scientists now believe that synchronization makes much greater mind power available. This is associated with learning large amounts of information very quickly as well as with creativity.

Scientists had long believed that brain activity such as brain waves and secretion of brain chemicals were beyond conscious control. But experiments have now changed that belief. Now it is proven that some people can control their brain waves, etc.

We must remember that the subconscious mind functions voluntarily, whether we make any effort to influence it or not. The subconscious mind will not remain idle. If we fail to plant desires in it, it will feed upon the non–productive thoughts.

For the present, it is sufficient to remember that we are living daily in the midst of all manner of thought impulses which are reaching our subconscious mind, without our knowledge – some negative and some positive. We can influence the subconscious mind by positive impulses of desire.

Everything we create begins in the form of a thought impulse. We can create nothing, which is first not conceived in thought.

Through the help of the imagination, thought impulses may be assembled into plans. The imagination when under control may be used for the creation of the plans and purposes that lead to success in one’s chosen field.

Conference papers © Knowledge Globalization Institute, Pune, India, 2012 “Art of laughter” is the science and art of letting go and its use brings our mind to the state of neutrality where it is ready to accept new things, ideas and new ways of doing things all of which start from the subconscious level.

THINK NEUTRAL using these techniques help brings the mind to develop and maintain a state of tranquility. IN TRANQULITY ALL SORROWS ARE DROWNED. A tranquil mind in a state of neutrality signifies happiness. HAPPINESS IS PEACE. PEACE IS HAPPINESS; the least agitated mind provides resistance against all sorrows, as sorrow is nothing but a stage of agitation in mind. (Geeta, Ch. 2) Unless the mind is quiet, the individual will not have the intellectual leisure for self-development nor the steadiness of intellectual application to the problems of life. And unless this is done our life shall be like a lost ship in an ocean without sails and radar going nowhere, reaching nowhere and ultimately foundering upon some treacherous rock..

Unfolding the potential of the mind

During Meditation this activity settles down in a natural way, until the finest level of thought is "transcended" and the mind is left in a simple state of least excitation - a refreshing and deeply relaxing state of restful alertness. After we have finished meditating, the mind is fresher, quieter, more alert, and happier. Any problems that there may have been prior to meditation are frequently seen in a better light

Research shows that regular practice of Meditation (MindSpace) produces:

•Increased IQ – Development of intelligence

•Increased Creativity

•Broader comprehension and increased focus

•Improved perception and memory

•Greater orderliness of brain activity Students at Maharishi International University in Fairfield, Iowa, who regularly practiced Transcendental Meditation, increased significantly in intelligence over a 2-year period, compared to control subjects from another Iowa university. This finding corroborates the results of two other studies showing increased IQ in Maharishi International University students. (TM institute study) This study used the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking to measure figural and verbal creativity in a control group and in a group that subsequently learned the Transcendental Meditation technique. On the post test 5 months later, the Transcendental Conference papers © Knowledge Globalization Institute, Pune, India, 2012 Meditation group scored significantly higher on figural originality and flexibility and on verbal fluency. (The TM technique & Creativity, Cornell,) A sense of fulfillment results from a day’s work that has been done satisfactorily. With this satisfaction comes the calmness and single wontedness of the mind. (Akhand Jyoti) Laughing clubs of America describes the condition of the mind through laughter quotient (LQ).

A midpoint LQ will help mind become more innovative. (Laughing Clubs) You only get endorphins from the physical act of laughing and not from cerebral pleasure of getting the joke intellectually (Dunbar). The physical act will free up your mind to be more innovative.

Sawyer concludes that when you feel like laughing let it all come out. Don’t just do the “wry smile” and try to look cool. The louder and longer the better you feel.

A recent Organizational Innovation and performance study (HO) shows that meditation experience significantly and positively influenced employees SDL (self-managed learning), companies OI (Organizational innovation) capability and OP (organization performance). The study also found that these three are interdependent.

It has been reported that people who meditate are more likely to rate the sustainability issues as important. (Keirsten) It is impossible for teams to be innovative when they are afraid. Nothing kills ideas like fear. Fun is antidote to fear. Infusing fun into workplace can change all that. Leaders know how to laugh at themselves. ( Maddock) Winston Churchill and President Reagan were great examples of that. Humor reduces fear and people feel more relaxed, open and innovative.

According to mind/ Body Institute “Meditation enhances the qualities companies need most from their knowledge workers:

increased brain wave activity, enhanced intuition, b better concentration, and the alleviation of the kinds of aches and pains that plague employees most”.

Ruvinsky in her review reports that money does not always bring happiness and loses the power to sooths- the United States is the richest nation and is also populated by the most worriers.

Worry brings fear and fear takes away the power to innovate or lead. (Maddock) Conference papers © Knowledge Globalization Institute, Pune, India, 2012 In the book - Work+ Life: Finding the fit that is right for you- it is mentioned that meditation will become core competency for managing innovation at work place. Why? Because meditation is simply being quiet which is what we need to bring our best, most innovative part to work? (Yost)


It is necessary to help people open up their minds to create new ideas, new ways of doing things and new approaches to be more innovative and inventive. This will help the community, society and the country.

A number of techniques that can be used to achieve this goal have been covered in this paper.

References Akhand Jyoti, July –August 2009 (Meditation and Single pointed-ness of mind) Brain and health.com/brainwaves.

Cervantes Maria and Malkin Daniel, Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry study 2010 Chung S.C. (2001), Research, Development and Innovation System in Korea. In Laredo.P. and Muster. P. (eds) “Research and Innovation Policies in the New Global Economy” Economics, Paris.

Dahlman, C. and Frischtak, C.R. (1993), National Systems Supporting Technical Advance in Industry: The Brazilian Experience “National Innovation Systems- A comparative analysis. 414-450, New York, Oxford University Press.

Dunbar, et. al (2011). Social Laughter is correlated with an elevated pain threshold. Proceeds of the Royal Society B Economist Intelligence Unit Limited 2009 “Unlocking Innovation in China”.sponsored by Cisco Economist, Oct. 14, 2010 Hong Kong Print edition Patents,yes; Ideas, maybe.

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