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Activity Report 2007

Activity Report 2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ACTIVITY REPORT 2007 

Activity Report 2007

Table of Contents 

REVIEW OF 2007 AND PROSPECTS FOR 2008

1.0 AFRICAN INSTITUTE FOR APPLIED ECONOMICS

1.1 IDENTITY

1.2 VISION

1.3 MISSION

1.4 METHODS & APPROACHES

1.5 PROGRAMME AREAS

2.0 GOVERNANCE AND MANAGEMENT

2.1 BOARD OF DIRECTORS

2.2 MANAGEMENT AND HUMAN RESOURCES

3.0 RESEARCH AND TRAINING

3.1 BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT AND COMPETITIVENESS ACROSS NIGERIAN STATES

(BECANS)

3.2 ENTERPRISE SURVEY UNDER THE FEDERAL INLAND REVENUE SERVICE PROJECT

3.3 SIZE, NATURE AND TRENDS OF THE INFORMAL SECTOR OF THE NIGERIAN

ECONOMY

SOCIOECONOMIC IMPACT OF MOBILE TELECOMMUNICATIONS IN NIGERIA............ 13 3.4

3.5 AGRICULTURAL PROCESSING AND POST-HARVEST CONDITIONS IN NIGERIA:

ENTERPRISE-LEVEL EXPERIENCES AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS

3.6 RESEARCH LEADING TO THE PRODUCTION OF BASE DOCUMENT FOR SENEC’S

ESTABLISHMENT

TRAINING

3.7

4.0 THE DATABANK UNIT

5.0 PEER LEARNING SEMINAR SERIES

6.0 NETWORKING, OUTREACH AND AFFILIATIONS

7.0 ASSOCIATE FELLOWS’ NETWORK

7.1 PRINCIPLES AND SCOPE OF FELLOWS’ NETWORKING

7.2 THE ASSOCIATE FELLOWS RETREAT 2007

7.3 SAMPLE RESEARCH AND RELATED OUTPUTS OF ASSOCIATE FELLOWS................ 22

8.0 PUBLIC POLICY ADVOCACY

SOME INTERNATIONAL NETWORKS AND AFFILIATIONS

9.0

10.0 PUBLICATIONS

10.1 AIAE RESEARCH PAPER SERIES

10.2 AIAE POLICY BRIEF SERIES

10.3 ENUGU FORUM POLICY PAPER SERIES

10.4 BECANS BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT REPORTS

10.5. AIAE NEWSLETTER SERIES

Activity Report 2007

11.0 THE LIBRARY

12.0 IMPACT OF PROGRAMMES AND ACTIVITIES

13.0 PRIORITIES AND PROSPECTS FOR THE YEAR 2008

–  –  –

During the year 2007, research and advocacy were predominated by our flagship programme – the Business Environment and Competitiveness across Nigerian States (BECANS). Activities in the year commenced with Associate Fellows Retreat and Conference which took place on 4th January 2007, with the theme “Networking for Results”. The well-attended annual event afforded Associate Fellows opportunity to critically appraise the progress and challenges in research, capacity building, networking and policy advocacy.

The successful implementation of the BECANS programme was climaxed by the national launch of the first-ever Business Environment Reports on Nigerian States, on 16th August 2007. The period leading to the national launch was challenging. Starting from January 2007, the Technical Working Group carried out data verification, quality control and data analysis to estimate and evaluate the business environment models. Evidence from the data analysis and model estimations was used to develop the Business Environment Reports. The reports have two variants: the state-specific business environment reports and the national synthesis report which gives comparative summary of states’ performance.

The BECANS programme has impacted significantly on the country in many ways. It has produced a monitoring framework with which the National Planning Commission and State Governments can periodically assess and evaluate business environment across the country. BECANS was implemented through close collaboration with National Planning Commission, Central Bank of Nigeria, Nigeria Economic Summit Group, Manufacturers Association of Nigeria, National Association of Chambers of Commerce, Industry, Mines and Agriculture, National Association of Small and Medium Enterprises, National Association of Small Scale Industrialists, Human Rights Law Services and several University Faculties. The collaboration has deepened public-private dialogue for improved state-level business environment in Nigeria. The embedded dissemination and advocacy activities have stimulated the implementation of business environment-enhancing reforms in some states of the country. Moreover, BECANS has improved state-level informational and database resources for catalysing evidence-based advocacy by private sector and civil society organisations.

Besides the BECANS programme, the year 2007 recorded milestones in research and advocacy.

The study on agricultural processing and post-harvest conditions across the country produced salient findings on the state of Nigeria’s agro-industrial linkages and proffered models and actionable measures to unlock agricultural processing activities. Based on studies and reviews of international best practices and consultations with (feedback from) wide-range of stakeholders, the Institute produced the Base Document on the South-East Nigeria Economic Commission, in pursuant of its corporate social responsibility to its immediate geopolitical community. The South-East Nigeria Economic Commission Initiative is designed to evolve an institutionalized public-private partnership framework for accelerating the economic and social development of the south-east states of Nigeria in a sustainable manner.





Activity Report 2007

There was considerable progress in other areas including training, teamwork and networking, Associate Fellows and the production and dissemination of newsletters. Training continued under the Peer Learning Seminar Series. The Seminar series is the principal medium for peer review, information sharing and cumulative acquisition of skills among Associate Fellows. Research teamwork continued under the five-legged thematic workgroup structure of the Institute. On the platform of the thematic workgroups, Associate Fellows provided critical professional consultancies (technical, analytical and capacity-building services) to various government and private sector organizations. Meanwhile, the AIAE Newsletter which made its debut in the year 2006 has proved to be a valuable tool of communication and feedback with Associate Fellows and stakeholders. Two editions of the AIAE Newsletter were published. During the year 2007, getting the thematic workgroups to function effectively remained a major challenge. Like in the year 2006, the myriad logistics and coordination problems continue to diminish research and intellectual outputs of the thematic workgroups. The situation underscores the need for institutional strengthening, development of infrastructure, enhanced human resources and better, more predictable funding to ensure more robust, sustained and longer-term organizational development and research programming.

The prospects for 2008 look very positive. There is large scope for greater research and programming opportunities in the increasing demand for research and analytical work as bases for public policy, as guide for investment decisions by private sector and as evidence tool for advocacy by private sector and civil society groups. The expected milestones for the year 2008 include the landmark steps for the actualization of the South-East Nigeria Economic Commission and laying the framework for the second-round of the BECANS for updating the Business Environment Reports.

Also, it is envisaged that AIAE will enter into collaborative programming with other organizations, particularly the Central Bank of Nigeria, for the development of macroeconomic models for Nigeria.

In order to remain dynamic and proactive, the Institute will articulate a five-year strategic plan, 2009By the strategic plan, christened Project Leading-edge, the Institute will enunciate the framework guide for institutional strengthening and research programming during the five year period. The framework will proffer critical niche strategies, programme thrusts and implementation models to enhance and sustain AIAE’s leading-edge as an economic research think-tank. Together, we shall deliver on this goal.

Prof. Eric Eboh Executive Director

–  –  –

The African Institute for Applied Economics [AIAE] was incorporated as a Company Limited by Guarantee in Nigeria in 2000. It is a not-for-profit and non-partisan organization devoted to economic policy research. The Institute facilitates policy advocacy, training, networking and provides consulting services.

–  –  –

The Institute aspires to provide leadership in helping Nigeria and Africa think through the emerging economic renaissance. The Institute’s mission is to promote evidence-based decision making.

–  –  –

• Responsive and proactive research- critical economic and allied research to extend the frontiers of knowledge as well as provide evidence for informed policymaking.

• Facilitating links and dialogue between policymakers and key stakeholders including private sector and civil society.

• Convening expert forums on key economic and development questions.

• National and International Networking and Collaboration.

• Consulting services – policy and institutional reforms, training and capacity building.

–  –  –

2. Macroeconomic Analysis, Modeling and Forecasting (MAMF);

• Exchange rate regimes and policies promoting economic diversification and international competitiveness.

• Macroeconomic stabilization and growth.

• Development and adaptation of empirical models for policy analysis and forecasting.

3. Public Sector Economics and Management (PSEM);

• Fiscal federalism and the rationalization of fiscal structures.

• Taxation and incentives.

• Debt and budgetary policies.

• Divestment of public enterprises.

• Public investment policy.

4. Poverty, Income Distribution and the Labour Market (PIDLAM); and

• Bottom-up perspectives on constraints to broad-based growth.

• Decentralization and efficiency of public service delivery systems.

• Poverty traps, vulnerability and coping mechanisms of the poor to risks and shocks.

• Education, health and gender issues.

• Evaluating market and non-market approaches to poverty reduction.

• Wage determination, labour market distortions and productiveness.

5. Agriculture and Rural Development (AGRUD).

• Policy and institutional reforms.

• Technology generation, transfer and use.

• Agribusiness and micro-enterprise development.

• Food security, poverty and rural livelihoods.

• Agricultural trade and commercialization.

–  –  –

2.0 GOVERNANCE AND MANAGEMENT

2.1 BOARD OF DIRECTORS The Institute is governed by a Board of Directors. Professor Eric Chiedum Eboh is the Executive Director.

2.2 MANAGEMENT AND HUMAN RESOURCES

Staff: The Institute is headed by an Executive Director. Other staff positions include the Finance Manager, Administrative Coordinator, Corporate Affairs Manager, Programme Officers, Research Associates, Research Assistants, Administrative Secretary, Administrative Assistants, Finance Assistants and Prof. Eric Eboh, Executive Director Librarian.

Associate Fellows: Much of the substantive research work of the Institute is carried out through a network of experts within and outside Nigeria who are affiliated to the Institute as Associate Fellows. By end of 2007, the Institute has one hundred and eighty (180) Associate Fellows each with at least a Masters Degree in Economics, Social Sciences and related Disciplines. Thirty (30) new members were admitted during the year.

3.0 RESEARCH AND TRAINING

3.1 BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT AND COMPETITIVENESS ACROSS NIGERIAN STATES

(BECANS) Purpose and Objectives The basic purpose of BECANS is to promote evidence-based advocacy for business environment reforms in Nigerian states. Within this setting, the project seeks to provide comprehensive and authoritative assessment of business environment across Nigerian states.

One major rationale of BECANS is the yawning need for independent regular assessments and monitoring of business environment across Nigerian states. These assessments will provide the evidence tool for more informed, credible and effective advocacy by private sector and civil society organizations and inform ongoing self-appraisals and peer review among State Governments. The goal is to stimulate reforms in the policy, regulatory and institutional environment for doing business across Nigerian states.

Activity Report 2007

Project Components BECANS consists of four mutually reinforcing and complementary components. The four components include research, survey, dissemination and advocacy. The research component involves the development of a domesticated framework of methods and indicators for assessing and benchmarking sub-national business environment and competitiveness in Nigeria. It also involves the testing and validation of the methods, benchmarks and indicators to ensure their suitability, reliability and efficacy. The survey component involves regular annual surveys to collect and update data and statistics on business environment and competitiveness (BEC) across states, as well as empirical evaluation of the indicators of business environment and competitiveness. The dissemination component involves the preparation of state-level business environment reports and national synthesis report on all states. The reports would then be communicated to elicit feedback and utilisation. The advocacy component involves the establishment of mechanisms for the engagement and dialogue between public and private sector and civil society.

The principal partners in the BECANS programme are as follows:

• Central Bank of Nigeria;

• National Planning Commission;

• National Bureau of Statistics;

• Manufacturer’s Association of Nigeria (MAN);



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