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«J. Chem. Ecol., 1975, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 91-99 SEX PHEROMONE COMPONENTS OF THE OMNIVOROUS LEAFROLLER MOTH, Platynota stultana 1 A D A S, H I L L a n ...»

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Should synergism of the type described here for OLR, with compounds emitted at very low rates relative to the primary pheromone component, be a general phenomenon, it will add another factor to the task of defining these systems. Compounds found to be inactive or inhibitory for male attraction in the field at a level greater than 5 ~ could be disregarded as pheromone components, however they could well be an integral part of the pheromone system at a very low level. These subtle components could provide the fine tuning used in species recognition, similar to individual recognition reported for higher animals (Miiller-Schwarze et al., 1974; Thiessen et al., 1974).

Acknowledgments--We thank Dr. R. T. Card6 and T. Baker for most of the EAG determinations, Dr. R. T. Cardd for helpful advice, the Zoecon Corporation for supplying the original laboratory culture of this insect, and F. Wadhams for maintaining the culture.

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ALINIAZEE, M.T., and STAFFORD,E.M. 1971. Evidence of a sex pheromone in the omnivorous leafroller, Platynota stultana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae): laboratory and field t~ting of male attraction to virgin females. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 64:1330--1335.

BAKER, J.L., HmL, A.S., CARDE, R.T., K-UROKAWA,A.K., and ROELOFS,W.L. 1975. Sex pheromone field trapping of the omnivorous leafroller, Platynota stu/tana. Environ.

Entomol. 4. In press.

BEROZA~ M., MUSCHIK,G.M., and GENTRY, C.R., 1973. Small proportion of opposite geometric isomer increases potency of synthetic pheromone of oriental fruit moth.

Nature 244:149-150.

BmRL, B.A., BEROZA, M. and COLLmR, C.W., 1970. Potent sex attractant of the gypsy moth: its isolation, identification and synthesis. Science 170:87-89.

CARD~, R.T., ROELOFS,W.L., and DOANE,C.C. 1973. Natural inhibitor of the gypsy moth sex attractant. Nature 241:474-475.

GLASS;E.H., and HERVEY,G.E.R. 1962. Continuous rearing of the red-banded leaf roller, Argyrotaenia velutinana. J. Econ. EntomoL 55:336-340.

SEX PHEROMONE OF Platynota stultana 99 HILL, A., CARDE, R., COMEAU, A., BODE, W., and ROELOFS, W. 1974. Sex pheromones of the tufted apple bud moth, Platynota ideausalis. Environ. EntomoL 3:249-252.

HtrMMEL, H.E., GASrON, L.K., S~IOREY,H.H., KAAF, R.S., BERNE, K.J., and SILVERSTEIN, R.M. 1973. Clarification of the chemical status of the pink bollworm sex pheromone.

Science 181:873--875.

KLUN, J.A., CHAPMAN, O.L., MATTES, K.C., WOJaXOWSKI, R.W., BEROZA, M., and SONNET, P.E. 1973. Insect sex pheromones: minor amount of opposite geometrical isomer critical to attraction. Science 181:661-663.

KOCFIANSKY,J., LmmaERR, J., CARD~, R.T., and ROELOFS,W.L. 1975. Sex pheromones of the European corn borer in New York. J. Chem. EcoL 1. In press.

MANGOLD, H.K., and KAMMERECI,R. 1961. Separation, identification and quantitative analysis of fatty acids by thin-layer chromatography and gas-liquid chromatography.

Chem. Ind. 27:1032-1034.


1974. Mammalian pheromone: Identification of active component in the subauricular scent of the male pronghorn. Science 183:860-862.

PERSOONS, C.J., MINKS, A.K., VOERMAN,S., ROELOFS,W.L., and RATTER,F.J. 1974. Sex pheromones of Archips podana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae): Isolation, identification

and field evaluation of two synergistic geometrical isomers, d. Insect Physiol. 20:


ROELOrS, W.L., and CARD~, R.T. 1974. Oriental fruit moth and lesser appleworm attractant mixtures refined. Environ. Entomol. 3:586-588.

ROELOFS, W., and COMEAO, A. 1971a. Sex pheromone perception: electroantennogram responses of the red-banded leaf roller moth. d. Insect PhysioL 17:1969-1982.

ROELOFS, W., and COMF.AU,A. 1971b. Sex attractants in Lepidoptera, pp. 91-112, in A.

S. Tahori (ed.), Proceedings of the 2nd International IUPAC Congress on Pesticide Chemistry, Tel Aviv. VoI. 3, Chemical releasers in insects. Gordon and Breach, New York.

ROELOFS, W., CO,WEAtr,A., HmL, A., and MltacEvic, G. 1971a: Sex attractant of the codling moth: characterization with electroantermogram technique. Science 174:297Rom.ors, W., HILL, A., CARD~, R., TZTTX, J., MADSEN,H., and VAKE~"rI,L 1974. Sex

pheromones of the fruittree leafroUer moth, Archips argyrospilus. Environ. EntomoL 3 :


ROELOFS, W.L., TE-rrz, J.P., TASCHENBERG,E.F., and COMEAU,A. 1971b. Sex pheromone of the grape berry moth: identification by classical and electroantennogram methods, and field tests. J. Insect Physiol. 17:2235-2243.

SowER, L.L., VICK, K.W., and TUMLINSON,J.H., 1974. (Z,E)-9, 12-Tetradecadien-l-ol:

A chemical released by female Plodia interpunctella that inhibits the sex pheromone response of male Cadra cautella. Environ. Entomol. 3:120-122.

Trr'r~, J.P. 1974. Pheromones in insect population management. Pages 399-410 in M.C. Birch (ed.), Pheromones. Elsevier Publishing Co., New York.


1974. Identification of a ventral scent marking pheromone in the male mongolian

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