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«PROTECTED CULTIVATION HERALDING SUCCESS Indian Society for Protected Cultivation Centre for Protected Cultivation Technology (CPCT) Indian ...»

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29 Protected cultivation pays J.K. Bisht and J.C. Bhatt Vivekananda Parvatiya Krishi Anusandhan Sansthan (ICAR), Almora With adoption of the technologies of VPKAS, Mr Pandey, now holds comfortable position with economic gain from his marginal land holdings and has earned confidence to continue agriculture in hills. Thus, he is happy and diversified the area under protected cultivation. He is good example for other formers in the area.

Amba Dutt Pandey, village Bhagartola, about 50 km away from Almora on Almora – Pithoragarh road near Jageshwar, used to grow all crops under rainfed conditions. He was not able to adequately irrigate his modest holding of 0.2 ha. Therefore, he was not interested in agriculture and started working as a labourer. Then, he came in contact of VPKAS (ICAR), Almora.

The scientists of the institute discussed with him about the problems along with other similarly affected farmers in the village. Scientists examined the terrain, saw the natural perennial springs and soon formulated a long-term solution of water harvesting from the springs into tanks lined with low-density polyethylene and this was linked with protected cultivation.

He was also advised to grow most suitable crops as per the location. He quickly learned that vegetable farming in polyhouse will benefit him as it will help in overcoming the adverse weather conditions. He was given training on vegetable cultivation and improved techniques with initial support to implement these works.

He constructed six low-cost polyhouses, occupying a total covered floor area of 600 m2, out of locally available pine wood and UV stabilized sheet and insect-proof net. These polyhouses are being utilized for growing off-season vegetables (tomato, cucumber, cauliflower, cabbage and squash).

He has different LDPE tanks for water storage (capacity of 1,00,000 litres), which are being used for irrigating the crops inside polyhouses. Now, he is earning more than Rs 1,00,000 annually. He has learned how to rotate different vegetable crops to maintain soil fertility and manage diseases and other pests inside polyhouse, following a well-formulated cropping sequence 30 to get maximum profit by growing off-season cucumber (March-May), tomato (June- November) and cauliflower (November-March).

He is following organic farming system and using hybrid seed of vegetables. In open fields also, he is growing French bean, Capsicum, potato, tomato, summer squash, cauliflower and cabbage. Apart from this, he has also planted saplings of sweet lemon, lemon, peach, plum, apricot etc.

Mr Pandey received best Farmer Award from Hon’ble Agriculture Minister, Mr Sharad Pawar, during 2010-11 for his work and awareness in the field of Agriculture.

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only grows the nursery for his own requirement but also sells it to fellow farmers. He has completely stopped paddy and wheat cultivation at his farm.

He is a source of inspiration to farmers and also motivates other farmers about the benefits of polyhouse and net house. The Doordarshan Kendra, Jalandhar, recorded his interview on net house cultivation of vegetables and growing of vegetable nursery, which was telecast in Mera Pind Mere Khet programme.

Future Strategies He will motivate other farmers about the benefits of polyhouse and net house. He says, cultivation of crops in polyhouse is best and gives more net The experts inspecting cucumber crop grown in net house 34 profit but farmers require more awareness and training of cultural practices of various crops to be followed under polyhouse.

Recognizing his achievements for adopting modern technologies, i.e.

adoption of protected cultivation (net house, low-tunnel technology, bed planting of vegetables to make judicious use of irrigation water and use of sprinkler system for vegetable nursery production), Tirath Singh was awarded with Chief Minister Award for Innovative Horticulture. His presence on the agriculture scene is symbolic of creating new ‘scientific awakening’ among farmers for improving their income vis-a-vis socio-economic status.

35 S. Devinder Singh made vegetable cultivation profitable The farm of S. Devinder Singh has become a model for diversification of agriculture in the area for other farmers. He had adopted modern technologies, i.e. drip and sprinkler irrigation at his farm. He raises vegetable nursery in plug trays and transplants in low tunnel and polyhouse at his farm.

Mr Devinder Singh, a farmer of village Mushkabad in Ludhiana district, has 7 acres of owned land and 3 acres of leased land. To obtain good quality and higher yield of vegetables, he established permanent framework for training vegetables like cucumber, tomato, Capsicum, bitter gourd and bottle gourd on bamboo sticks.

Bamboo polyhouse at his farm He contacted Dr K.G.

Singh, PAU, Ludhiana, where he came to attend a lecture on finalizing the new design of net house. He was having a bamboo poly-house of 500 m2 at his farm. He is so inspired from performance of bamboo poly house and decided to grow vegetables in polyhouses.

Now, he has established polyhouses in an area of five acres with the help of National Horticulture Mission. He grows coloured Capsicum and tomato in polyhouse and sells to Bharti Wal-Mart Sarhind. Mr Singh claims that yield of coloured Capsicum is 2.5-3 kg/plant in polyhouse. In the remaining area, he uses drip irrigation, plastic mulches and low tunnel technologies for water saving and increasing the productivity.

He also visited Italy, Spain and Germany and England to acquire information on new technologies and explore marketing contacts in vegetable production. He had registered society under name “Mushkabad Agro Help Aid

36 A delegation from California visited his farm

Society. His work has been recognized throughout Punjab. He has been honoured with S.Ujagar Singh Dhaliwal Memorial Award by PAU, Ludhiana, for self-cultivating vegetable grower. He has also been conferred with National Award for Vegetable Grower by IARI, New Delhi, at Pusa Krishi Vigyan Mela, in 2009. He also received Chief Minister Award for Innovative Farmer in Horticulture (Vegetables) at PAU Kisan Mela, in March 2009.

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Future strategies He is going to start export of his vegetables in the international market under trade name “Quality Vegetable Produce”. He says, cultivation of crops in polyhouses is best and gives more net profit but farmers require more Scientists inspecting Capsicum crop grown in polyhouse 38 awareness and training of cultural practices of various crops to be followed under polyhouse. He is a source of inspiration to vegetable growers by earning more profits from his small land holding not only in Punjab as well as throughout India. Devinder Singh believes that vegetable growers should take every possible opportunity to interact with scientists to make best use of available technology.

He will motivate other farmers about the benefits of polyhouse and net houses. Recognizing his achievements for adoption of net house, low-tunnel technology, judicious use of irrigation water and use of sprinkler system for vegetable nursery production, he was awarded by PAU, Ludhiana, with Chief Minister Award for Innovative Horticulture.

39 Balbir Singh Kamboj boosting agri-entrepreneurship N.C. Nainwal Amity Institute of Horticulture Studies & Research, Amity University, Uttar Pradesh The success story of Balbir Singh Kamboj is a role model for unemployed youths who wish to start agri-based enterprise, especially in protected cultivation in the country. Mr Balbir Singh Kamboj is going to be a role model for the farming community of not only in his area but for the whole country.

Mr Balbir Singh Kamboj, from village Nayagaon, after postgraduation in Agriculture, joined seed industries in 1991.

Motivated by his father’s parental business of seed processing, he came back to his village and associated with his father in seed business till 2005. After getting motivation from the fast coming up polyhouse culture in the state, he joined Flower Growers’ Association and established first polyhouse for Gerbera production with the help of National Horticulture Board and Directorate of Horticulture.

Mr. Kamboj picking the quality After that, he increased the area under produce protected cultivation very scientifically to 13,000 m2 at his parental land in his village. Further, he established polyhouse in new purchased area of 6,000 m2 at village Bajun in district Nainital.

Mr Kamboj has full praise to Agri-Export Development Unit, Directorate of Horticulture, National Horticulture Board and National Horticulture Mission, as benefited in terms of training and exposure at national level or abroad on production technology of vegetables and production under greenhouses and fertigation, drip and sprinkler irrigation, IPM, use of implements, machinery and tools.

40 With the help from APEDA and a part of as member Flower Growers’ Association, he is selling his produce in niche markets in Delhi, ensuring proper realization. He marketed the Gerbera to niche markets of Delhi, Lucknow, Kanpur and Jaipur, at an impressive rate of Rs 5/spike and Rs 60/dozen. He Mr. Kamboj looking after polyhouse is getting maximum Rs 50/spike of his lillium and Rs 7/spike of carnation (see Box).

Present production status under protected cultivation Place Area Crop No. of Varieties (m2) bulbs/plant Naya Gaon 10,000 Gerbera 60,000 Julia, Amilie, Reonigro, Marinilla 3,000 Lillium 90,000 Yelloween, Ercolano, Brunello, Tressor Bajun 4,000 Lillium 1,20,000 Mother’s Choice, Yelloween, Courier 2,000 Carnation 40,000 Dona, White dona, Domingo, Kero, Luna Total 19,000

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Mr Kamboj has visited Holland, China, Hong Kong and Macau to have international exposure and interaction with international experts. He is of the opinion such exposure visits are very important in improving the knowledge, information and motivation of farmer entrepreneurs.

His wife Mrs Sudesh Kamboj is fully associated with Mr Kamboj to his successful journey from planting to marketing, fetigation to labour management and plant protection to packaging.

Now, he is keen to increase area under protected cultivation in the entire area among other growers of villages. He delivers lectures for district and state level programmes to motivate farmers about remunerative polyhouse business.

He is also giving advice to farmers about greenhouse fabrication and renovation, repair and how to manage personally. He is of the view that "This is a unique opportunity for young educated youth and farmers to enter into protected cultivation as a remunerative enterprise.


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